Adjustments for Discretionary Spending Limits
Under section 251(b) (BBEDCA), the discretionary spending limits set forth in subsection (c) of that section, may be adjusted by the Office of Management and Budget if certain circumstances are met. Section 251(b)(2)(C) (BBEDCA) allows for an adjustment for the “Census of 2020”.
See also Cap Adjustments.
The Census of 2020
The following is the legislative text for the adjustment for the U.S. Census for 2020. This was added by the section 101(c) of the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2019 (Pub. 116-37).
(c) New adjustment for the U.S. census for 2020.—Section 251(b)(2) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
“(G) The 2020 census.—If, for fiscal year 2020, appropriations for the Periodic Censuses and Programs account of the Bureau of the Census of the Department of Commerce are enacted that the Congress designates in statute as being for the 2020 Census, then the adjustment for that fiscal year shall be the total of such appropriations for that fiscal year designated as being for the 2020 Census, but shall not exceed $2,500,000,000.”.
Budget Concepts from Analytical Perspectives
OMB Definition of Cap Adjustment
Cap adjustment means either an increase or a decrease that is permitted to the statutory cap limits for each fiscal year under BBEDCA on the budget authority and outlays (only if applicable) provided by discretionary appropriations only if certain conditions are met. These conditions may include providing for a base level of funding, a designation of the increase or decrease by the Congress, (and in some circumstances, the President) pursuant to a section of the BBEDCA, or a change in concepts and definitions of funding under the cap. Changes in concepts and definitions require consultation with the Congressional Appropriations and Budget Committees. See the OMB Glossary of Budget Terms.
Office of Management and Budget, Budget of the U.S. Government, Fiscal Year 2018: Analytical Perspectives (May 23, 2017), pp. 88-91.
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Adjustment for Wildfire Suppression