Reference Information for the
Rules of the 105th Congress
The House of Representatives adopts its organizing resolution at the beginning of each Congress in the form of a simple House resolution. Included here is information related to this resolution for the Congress.
From the Congressional Research Service:
Rules Changes Affecting Budgetary Legislation
Changes made by H.Res. 5 in the 105th Congress affecting budgetary legislation were described earlier as part of changes affecting committees and the House floor.139 Those changes discussed in the section “Rules Changes Affecting Committees” were:
- The majority leader was allowed, after consultation with the minority leader, to designate “major tax legislation,” on which the report by the Ways and Means Committee could then include a “dynamic estimate”—the macroeconomic feedback emanating from the proposed change in tax policy. (See “Ways and Means Committee,” under “Committee Reports.”)
- The jurisdictions of the Budget and Government Reform and Oversight Committees were revised. The Budget Committee was given oversight over the “budget process” rather that over solely the “congressional budget process.” The Government Reform Committee was given jurisdiction over “government management and accounting measures, generally” rather than “budget and accounting measures, generally.” (See “Jurisdiction.”)
- The layover requirements for Budget Committee reports on budget resolutions were conformed to those of other committees for other legislation. (See “Committee Reports.”)
Those changes discussed in the section “Rules Changes Affecting the Chamber and Floor” were
- The definition of “Federal income tax rate increase” was limited to rate increases affecting only specified provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. The changes were meant to clarify that the requirement of a three-fifths vote to approve an income tax rate increase did not apply to provisions that merely increased revenues or effective tax rates. (See “Tax Legislation.“)
- The Appropriations Committee was prohibited from reporting a measure, or the House from considering an amendment, that made the availability of funds contingent on the receipt or possession of information by the funding authority if that information was not already required by law, so-called made-known provisions and amendments. This kind of amendment had been used to legislate on appropriations bills, contrary to other House rules. (See “Appropriations Process.”)
- The precedence of the majority leader’s motion to rise and report over any Member’s further motion to amend was enhanced. The change clarified that the precedence applied not just to Members’ limitation amendments but to any amendment. (See “Appropriations Process.”)
- The opportunity to offer a motion to strike an unfunded mandate provision from a bill (unless the motion was disallowed pursuant to a special rule) was clarified. The clarification was that the motion was solely for unfunded intergovernmental mandates, not for private sector mandates. (See “Unfunded Mandates.”)
139. H.Res. 5, agreed to in the House January 7, 1997. During the 105th Congress, the House and Senate also passed the Budget Enforcement Act of 1997 (111 Stat. 251, 677), putting in place in title X of the act enforcement procedures to ensure compliance with laws having the goal of achieving a balanced budget by FY2002. For a brief description of the Budget Enforcement Act, see CRS Report 97-930, The Budget Enforcement Act of 1997: A Fact Sheet, by Robert Keith.