Budget Counsel Reference Directory

The U.S. Constitution

Summary

The U.S. Constitution comprises seven articles, setting out the fundamental structure of the U.S. Government and its relation to the States forming the Union.

Article One establishes the legislative branch, what is structurally the primary branch of the U.S. Government. It consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, each fulfilling its own representative responsibilities.

Article Two sets the responsibilities and authority of the President.

Article Three, the shortest of the three, explains the role of the Judiciary.

Article Four sets out the relations between and among the states and the federal government.

Article Five allows for the adoption of amendments to the Constitution.

Article Six declares the Constitution the supreme law of the land, guarantees the debts of the U.S. under both the Constitution and the Article of Confederation, specifies that government officials “shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution” but prohibits religious tests.

Article Seven sets out the procedure requirements for the Constitution’s ratification by the original thirteen States.


Article I

Clause 7 – Legislative Responsibilities

Article II

Clause 3 – Presidential Responsibilities


References

 

 

U.S. Constitution Annotated – Analysis, and Interpretation (112th Congress, 2d Sess.) July 1, 2014) [PDF Files]

U.S. Constitution from Compendium of Laws and Rules of the Congressional Budget Process

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