Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013
DIVISION A—BIPARTISAN BUDGET AGREEMENT
Division A—Budget Enforcement and Deficit Reduction
Section 1. Short Title and table of contents
(a) Short Title.—This division may be cited as the “Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013”.
(b) Table of Contents.—The table of contents of this division is as follows:
DIVISION A—BUDGET ENFORCEMENT AND DEFICIT REDUCTION
Sec. 1. Short title and table of contents.
TITLE I—BUDGET ENFORCEMENT
Subtitle A—Amendments to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985
Sec. 101. Amendments to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
Subtitle B—Establishing a Congressional budget
Sec. 111. Fiscal year 2014 budget resolution.
Sec. 112. Limitation on advance appropriations in the Senate.
Sec. 113. Rule of construction in the House of Representatives.
Sec. 114. Additional Senate budget enforcement.
Sec. 115. Authority for fiscal year 2015 budget resolution in the House of Representatives.
Sec. 116. Authority for fiscal year 2015 budget resolution in the Senate.
Sec. 117. Exclusion of savings from PAYGO scorecards.
Sec. 118. Exercise of rulemaking powers
Subtitle C—Technical Corrections
Sec. 121. Technical corrections to the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985.
Sec. 122. Technical corrections to the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
TITLE II—PREVENTION OF WASTE, FRAUD, AND ABUSE
Sec. 201. Improving the collection of unemployment insurance overpayments.
Sec. 202. Strengthening Medicaid Third-Party Liability.
Sec. 203. Restriction on access to the death master file.
Sec. 204. Identification of inmates requesting or receiving improper payments.
TITLE III—NATURAL RESOURCES
Sec. 301. Ultra-deepwater and unconventional natural gas and other petroleum resources.
Sec. 302. Amendment to the Mineral Leasing Act.
Sec. 303. Approval of agreement with Mexico.
Sec. 304. Amendment to the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act.
Sec. 305. Federal oil and gas royalty prepayment cap.
Sec. 306. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
TITLE IV—FEDERAL CIVILIAN AND MILITARY RETIREMENT
Sec. 401. Increase in contributions to Federal Employees Retirement System for new employees.
Sec. 402. Foreign Service Pension System.
Sec. 403. Annual adjustment of retired pay and retainer pay amounts for retired members of the Armed Forces under age 62.
TITLE V—HIGHER EDUCATION
Sec. 501. Default reduction program.
Sec. 502. Elimination of nonprofit servicing contracts.
Sec. 601. Aviation security service fees.
Sec. 602. Transportation cost reimbursement.
Sec. 603. Sterile areas at airports.
TITLE VII—MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 701. Extension of customs user fees.
Sec. 702. Limitation on allowable government contractor compensation costs.
Sec. 703. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation premium rate increases.
Sec. 704. Cancellation of Unobligated Balances.
Sec. 705. Conservation planning technical assistance user fees.
Sec. 706. Self plus one coverage.
(c) References.—Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to “this Act” contained in any division of this Act shall be treated as referring only to the provisions of that division.
Legislative History from the Congressional Research Service:
The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013, enacted December 26, 2013, resulted from negotiations between the Chairs of the House and Senate Budget Committees in association with the conference committee on the FY2014 budget resolution. Previously, on March 21, 2013, the House agreed to an FY2014 budget resolution (H.Con.Res. 25) by a vote of 221-207. On March 23, 2014, the Senate agreed to its own FY2014 budget resolution (S.Con.Res. 8) by a vote of 50-49. The two chambers, however, did not agree to convene a conference committee at that time.
On October 16, 2013, the House requested, and the Senate agreed to, a conference on S.Con.Res. 8 to attempt to resolve their differences on an FY2014 budget plan, as part of the deal forged by House and Senate leadership to end the government shutdown. While the conference committee did not report, on December 10, the chairs of the House and Senate Budget Committees, Representative Paul Ryan and Senator Patty Murray “announced that they had reached a two-year budget agreement.”5
On December 11, the House Rules Committee reported a special rule (H.Res. 438) providing for the consideration of what was being referred to as the “Ryan-Murray agreement.” The special rule specified that the legislative vehicle for the agreement would be H.J.Res. 59. This measure had previously included language to provide continuing appropriations, but had been superseded by other congressional action and had not been enacted.6 The special rule made in order House consideration of the two-year budget agreement, titled the Bipartisan Budget Agreement (BBA), modified by a further amendment provided in the Rules Committee report that consisted primarily of the “Pathway for SGR Reform Act,” also known as the “doc fix.” As specified in the special rule, upon the House’s adoption of H.Res. 438, Representative Paul Ryan was permitted to make a motion that resulted in the House voting to send the legislative text consisting of the BBA and the “doc fix” to the Senate as a further House amendment to H.J.Res. 59. The House agreed to the motion on December 12, 2013, by a vote of 332-94.
On December 15, the Senate agreed by unanimous consent to consider the House’s amendment to H.J. Res. 59 [113th Congress], and Majority Leader Harry Reid moved that the Senate concur in the House amendment and filed cloture on the motion. Two days later, on December 17, the Senate voted to invoke cloture on the motion by a vote of 67-33 and the following day, December 18, the Senate agreed to the motion to concur in the House amendment by a vote of 64-46. The legislation was then sent to the President and was signed into law on December 26, 2013 (P.L. 113-67).