BPLA (Contents)

Budget Process Law Annotated (1993)

 [pages 35-40]
duties and functions

Sec. 202.77(a) Assistance To Budget Committees.—

It shall be the duty and function of the Office to provide to the Committees on the Budget of both Houses information which will assist such committees in the discharge of all matters within their jurisdictions,78 including

(1) information with respect to the budget, appropriation bills,79 and other bills authorizing or providing new budget authority81 or tax expenditures,82

(2) information with respect to revenues, receipts, estimated future revenues and receipts, and changing revenue conditions, and

(3) such related Information as such Committees may request.


77. Section 202 is codified as amended at 2 U.S.C. §602 (1988).

78. For a discussion of the Senate Budget Committee’s jurisdiction, see infra note 384 (at the end of section 306).

79. Section 3(5) defines “appropriation Act” by reference to 1 U.S.C. § 105. See supra p. 16. For the text of 1 U.S.C. § 105 (1988), see supra note 36.

80. Section 13112(a)(3) of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990added the word “new” here. See infra p. 708.

81. Section 3(2) defines “budget authority,” see supra pp. 11-13, and section 3(2)(C) defines “new budget authority.” See supra p. 12.

82. Section 3(3) defines “tax expenditures.” See supra p. 13.

Line_Separator

 

(b) Assistance to Committees on Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Finance.—At the request of the Committee on Appropriations of either House, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, or the Committee [p. 36] on Finance of the Senate, the Office shall provide to such Committee any information which will assist it in the discharge of matters within its jurisdiction, including information described in clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a),83 and such related Information as the Committee may request.


83. See supra p. 35.

Line_Separator

(c) Assistance to Other Committees and Members.—

(1) At the request of any other committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate or any joint committee of the Congress, the Office shall provide to such committee or joint committee any information compiled in carrying out clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a),84 and, to the extent practicable, such additional information related to the foregoing as may be requested.

(2) At the request of any Member of the House or Senate, the Office shall provide to such member any information compiled in carrying out clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a),85 and, to the extent available, such additional information related to the foregoing as may be requested.


84. See supra p. 35.

85. See supra p. 35.

Line_Separator

(d) Assignment of Office Personnel to Committees and Joint Committees.—At the request of the Committee on the Budget of either House, personnel or the Office shall be assigned, on a temporary basis, to assist such committee. At the request of any other committee of either House or any joint committee of the Congress, personnel or the Office may be assigned, on a temporary basis, to assist such committee or joint committee with respect to matters directly related to the [p.  37] applicable provisions of subsection (b)86 or (c).87


86. See supra p. 35.

87. See supra p. 36.

Line_Separator

(e)[1] Transfer of Functions of Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures.—

(1) The duties, functions, and personnel of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures are transferred to the Office, and the Joint Committee is abolished.

(2) Section 601 of the Revenue Act of 1941 (55 Stat. 726) is repealed.


[The BPLA did not include notes for subsection (e).]

Line_Separator

(f) Reports To Budget Committees.—

(1) On or before February 1588 of each year, the Director shall submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report,89 for the fiscal year commencing on October 1of that year, with respect to fiscal policy, including

(A) alternate level” of total revenue., total new budget authority,90 and total outlays91 (including [p. 38] related surpluses92 and deficits93, and

(B) the levels of tax expenditures94 under existing law,

taking into account projected economic factors and any changes in such levels based on proposals in the budget submitted by the President for such fiscal year.95 Such report shall also include a discussion of national budget priorities, Including alternative ways of allocating budget authority96 and budget outlays97 for such fiscal year among major programs or functional categories, taking into account how such alternative allocations will meet major national needs and affect balanced growth and development of the United States.98

(2) The Director shall from time to time submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate such further reports (including [p. 39] reports revising99 the report required by paragraph (1)100) as may be necessary or appropriate to provide such Committees with information, data, and analyses for the performance of their duties and functions.

(3)101 On or before January 15 of each year, the Director, after consultation with the appropriate commit” tees of the House of Representatives and Senate, shall submit to the Congress a report listing

(A) all programs and activities funded during the fiscal year ending September 30 of that calendar year for which authorizations for appropriations have not been enacted for that fiscal year, and

(B) all programs and activities for which authorizations for appropriations have been enacted for the fiscal year ending September 30 of that calendar year, but for which no authorizations for appropriations have been enacted for the fiscal year beginning October 1 of that calendar year.


88. Section 221(a) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 moved up this deadline from April 1, as originally enacted in 1974, to the current February 15. See infra p. 419.

89. In practice, the Congressional Budget Office issues three reports to address the requirements of this paragraph. It generally entitles the most general report as “The Economic and Budget Outlook: Fiscal Years _____-_____.”

90. Section 3(2) defines “budget authority,” see supra pp. 11-13, and section 3(2)(C) defines “new budget authority.” See supra p. 12.

91. Section 3(1) defines “outlays.” See supra p. 11.

92. Section 3(7) defines “surplus.” See supra p. 17.

93. Section 3(6) defines “deficit.” See supra p. 16.

94. Section 3(3) defines “tax expenditures.” See supra p. 13.

95. In response to this provision and a request of the Committee on Appropriations, the Congressional Budget Office generally prepares a report that it entitles “An Analysis of the President’s Budgetary Proposals for Fiscal Year _____.”

96. Section 3(2) defines “budget authority.” See supra pp. 11-13.

97. Section 3(1) defines “budget outlays.” See supra p. 11.

98. In response to this provision, the Congressional Budget Office generally prepares a report that it entitles “Reducing the Deficit: Spending and Revenue Options.” (For fiscal year 1992, however, the Office issued a somewhat abbreviated paper in place of the usual report. See Congressional Budget Office, Selected Spending And Revenue Options (June 1991).)

99. In response to this provision, the Congressional Budget Office generally prepares an August report that it entitles “The Economic and Budget Outlook: An Update.”

100. See supra pp. 37-38.

101. Section 22l(b) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 added paragraph (3). See infra  p. 419.

Line_Separator

(g) Use Of Computers and Other Techniques.—The Director may equip the Office with up-to-date computer capability (upon approval of the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate), obtain the services of experts and consultants in computer technology, and develop techniques for the evaluation of budgetary requirements [p. 40].


[The BPLA did not include notes for subsection (g).]

Line_Separator

(h)102 Studies.—The Director shall conduct continuing studies to enhance comparisons of budget outlays,103 credit authority,104 and tax expenditures.105


102. Section 22l(c) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 added subsection (b). See infra p. 420.

103. Section 3(1) defines “outlays” See supra p. 11.

104. Section 3(10) defines “credit authority.” See supra p. 19.

105. Section 3(3) defines “tax expenditures”. See supra p. 13.

 

Counsel Notes

[1] This subsection was repealed by §10103(b) of the Budget Enforcement Act of 1997 (Pub. L. 105–33).

 

Line_Separator

 

 

Previous:

Sec. 201 (BPLA)

Next:

Sec. 203 (BPLA)