UMRA (Contents)

Unfunded Mandates Reform  Act of 1995

[Public Law 104–4; 109 Stat. 48; March 22, 1995; S. 1]



Additional Documents

Agency Compliance with Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (October 1999) 

Presidential Documents: Delegation of Authority To Issue Guidelines and Instructions 60 F.R. 45039

CRS Report (2016.02) – UMRA History R40957

U.S. General Accounting Office, Unfunded Mandates: Reform Act Has Had Little Effect on Agencies’ Rulemaking Actions, GAO-GDD-98-30, February 4, 1998, p. 29.

GAO Report – Reform Act Has Had Little Effect on Agencies’ Rulemaking Actions (GAO/GGD-98-30) February 1998

OMB Memorandum – Funding Implementing Title II of UMRA m95-09

Legislative History Notes

General  Information

Public Law: Pub. L 104-4
Stat. At Large:
109 Stat. 48
March 22, 1995
Bill Number:
S. 1 (114th Congress
Sen. Kempthorne, Dirk [R-ID] 

Note: This was a large priority of the newly elected 104th Congress, a result of  significant numbers of newly elected Republican Members of Congress, enough to switch majority control of both Houses of Congress to that party’s control. Hence UMRA, as it is colloquially known, was one of the first bills enacted — with the support of then President Bill Clinton.




Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993


Budget Enforcement Act of 1997



[BCR § 250]