Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
TITLE I—LEGISLATIVE ACCOUNTABILITY AND REFORM
SEC. 106. IMPACT ON LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.
(a) Findings.—The Senate finds that—
(1) the Congress should be concerned about shifting costs from Federal to State and local authorities and should be equally concerned about the growing tendency of States to shift costs to local governments;
(2) cost shifting from States to local governments has, in many instances, forced local governments to raise property taxes or curtail sometimes essential services; and
(3) increases in local property taxes and cuts in essential services threaten the ability of many citizens to attain and maintain the American dream of owning a home in a safe, secure community.
(b) Sense of the Senate.—It is the sense of the Senate that—
(1) the Federal Government should not shift certain costs to the State, and States should end the practice of shifting costs to local governments, which forces many local governments to increase property taxes;
(2) States should end the imposition, in the absence of full consideration by their legislatures, of State issued mandates on local governments without adequate State funding, in a manner that may displace other essential government priorities; and
(3) one primary objective of this Act and other efforts to change the relationship among Federal, State, and local governments should be to reduce taxes and spending at all levels and to end the practice of shifting costs from one level of government to another with little or no benefit to taxpayers.
 This section is classified to the U.S. Code at 2 U.S.C. 1513.
 No additional authorization of appropriations have been made for this purpose after 2002. The Congressional Budget Office has fulfilled the requirements under this title in its annual appropriations. The requirement of CBO to fulfill the requirements under the Act, though, do not lapse upon the expiration of the authorization of appropriations.
CRS – Unfunded Mandates Reform Act: History, Impact, and Issues (R40957) October 27, 2016
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY NOTES
Pub. L. 104–4, title I, §106, Mar. 22, 1995, 109 Stat. 63 (Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995).
References in Text
The reference in subsection (b)(3) to “this Act” means Pub. L. 104–4, Mar. 22, 1995, 109 Stat. 48, known as the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
This section has an effective date of Jan. 1, 1996, or the date 90 days after appropriations made available as authorized under section 110 (UMRA 1995), whichever earlier, and applicable to legislation considered on and after such date.
Section 105 (UMRA)
Section 107 (UMRA)
[BCR § 256]