Title 31, U.S. Code (Selected)

31 U.S.C § 1111

Subtitle II—The Budget Process

Chapter 11—The Budget and Fiscal, Budget, and Program Information


§1111. Improving economy and efficiency

To improve economy and efficiency in the United States Government, the President shall—

(1) make a study of each agency to decide, and may send Congress recommendations, on changes that should be made in—

(A) the organization, activities, and business methods of agencies;

(B) agency appropriations;

(C) the assignment of particular activities to particular services; and

(D) regrouping of services; and

(2) evaluate and develop improved plans for the organization, coordination, and management of the executive branch of the Government.




31 U.S.C. 1110


31 U.S.C. 1112

Counsel Notes
Codification Background

This section was originally enacted as section 209 of the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 (Pub. L. 67-13), and classified to the U.S. Code as 31 U.S.C. 18 and 18a. The codification and revision law of 1983, Public Law 97-258 (which has no short title) transferred it to its present location in title 31 without substantive revision. 


Pub. L. 97–258, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 913 (Title 31 Codification and Revision Law of 1982)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised Section

Source (U.S.Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)
1111 31:18. June 10, 1921, ch. 18, §209, 42 Stat. 22; Reorg. Plan No. 1 of 1939, eff. July 1, 1939, §1, 53 Stat. 1423; Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, eff. July 1, 1970, §102(a), 84 Stat. 2085. The text as enacted stated that “the Bureau, when directed by the President, shall …” but Law Revision Counsel editorially changed it to simply say “the President shall …”
  31:18a. Sept. 12, 1950, ch. 946, §104, 64 Stat. 834; Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1970, eff. July 1, 1970, §102(a), 84 Stat. 2085. The Reorganization Plan of 1970 changed the name of the Bureau of the Budget to Office of Management and Budget, and hence this is indicated since the original text, though editorially omitted by Law Revision Counsel, stated “the Bureau”. 
Regulatory Reductions

For provisions requiring executive departments and agencies to undertake to eliminate not less than 50 percent of its civilian internal management regulations not required by law, see Executive Order 12861, Sept. 11, 1993, 58 F.R. 48255, set out as a note under section 601 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.




31 U.S.C. 1110


31 U.S.C. 1112



[BCR § 311]