SEC. 253. ENFORCING DEFICIT TARGETS.
(a) Sequestration.—Within 15 calendar days after Congress adjourns to end a session (other than of the One Hundred First Congress) and on the same day as a sequestration (if any) under section 251 and section 252, but after any sequestration required by section 251 (enforcing discretionary spending limits) or section 252 (enforcing pay-as-you-go), there shall be a sequestration to eliminate the excess deficit (if any remains) if it exceeds the margin.
(b) Excess Deficit; Margin.—The excess deficit is, if greater than zero, the estimated deficit for the budget year, minus—
(1) the maximum deficit amount for that year;
(2) the amounts for that year designated as emergency direct spending or receipts legislation under section 252(e); and
(3) for any fiscal year in which there is not a full adjustment for technical and economic reestimates, the deposit insurance reestimate for that year, if any, calculated under subsection (h).
The “margin” for fiscal year 1992 or 1993 is zero and for fiscal year 1994 or 1995 is $15,000,000,000.
(c) Dividing the Sequestration.—To eliminate the excess deficit in a budget year, half of the required outlay reductions shall be obtained from non-exempt defense accounts (accounts designated as function 050 in the President’s fiscal year 1991 budget submission) and half from non-exempt, non-defense accounts (all other non-exempt accounts).
(d) Defense.—Each non-exempt defense account shall be reduced by a dollar amount calculated by multiplying the level of sequestrable budgetary resources in that account at that time by the uniform percentage necessary to carry out subsection (c), except that, if any military personnel are exempt, adjustments shall be made under the procedure set forth in section 251(a)(3).
(e) Non-Defense.—Actions to reduce non-defense accounts shall be taken in the following order:
(1) First.—All reductions in automatic spending increases under section 256(a) shall be made.
(2) Second.—If additional reductions in non-defense accounts are required to be made, the maximum reduction permissible under sections 256(b) (guaranteed student loans) and 256(c) (foster care and adoption assistance) shall be made.
(3) Third.—(A) If additional reductions in non-defense accounts are required to be made, each remaining non-exempt, nondefense account shall be reduced by the uniform percentage necessary to make the reductions in non-defense outlays required by subsection (c), except that—
(i) the medicare program specified in section 256(d) shall not be reduced by more than 2 percent in total including any reduction of less than 2 percent made under section 252 or, if it has been reduced by 2 percent or more under section 252, it may not be further reduced under this section; and
(ii) the health programs set forth in section 256(e) shall not be reduced by more than 2 percent in total (including any reduction made under section 251), and the uniform percent applicable to all other programs under this subsection shall be increased (if necessary) to a level sufficient to achieve the required reduction in non-defense outlays.
(B) For purposes of determining reductions under subparagraph (A), outlay reduction (as a result of sequestration of Commodity Credit Corporation commodity price support contracts in the fiscal year of a sequestration) that would occur in the following fiscal year shall be credited as outlay reductions in the fiscal year of the sequestration.
(f) Baseline Assumptions; Part-Year Appropriations.—
(1) Budget assumptions.—For purposes of subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e), accounts shall be assumed to be at the level in the baseline minus any reductions required to be made under sections 251 and 252.
(2) Part-year appropriations.—If, on the date specified in subsection (a), there is in effect an Act making or continuing appropriations for part of a fiscal year for any non-exempt budget account, then the dollar sequestration calculated for that account under subsection (d) or (e), as applicable, shall be subtracted from—
(A) the annualized amount otherwise available by law in that account under that or a subsequent part-year appropriation; and
(B) when a full-year appropriation for that account is enacted, from the amount otherwise provided by the full year appropriation; except that the amount to be sequestered from that account shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the savings achieved by that appropriation when the enacted amount is less than the baseline for that account.
(g) Adjustments To Maximum Deficit Amounts.—
(A) When the President submits the budget for fiscal year 1992, the maximum deficit amounts for fiscal years 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 shall be adjusted to reflect up-to-date reestimates of economic and technical assumptions and any changes in concepts or definitions. When the President submits the budget for fiscal year 1993, the maximum deficit amounts for fiscal years 1993, 1994, and 1995 shall be further adjusted to reflect up-to-date reestimates of economic and technical assumptions and any changes in concepts or definitions.
(B) When submitting the budget for fiscal year 1994, the President may choose to adjust the maximum deficit amounts for fiscal years 1994 and 1995 to reflect up-to-date reestimates of economic and technical assumptions. If the President chooses to adjust the maximum deficit amount when submitting the fiscal year 1994 budget, the President may choose to invoke the same adjustment procedure when submitting the budget for fiscal year 1995. In each case, the President must choose between making no adjustment or the full adjustment described in paragraph (2). If the President chooses to make that full adjustment, then those procedures for adjusting discretionary spending limits described in sections 251(b)(1)(C) and 251(b)(2)(E), otherwise applicable through fiscal year 1993 or 1994 (as the case may be), shall be deemed to apply for fiscal year 1994 (and 1995 if applicable).
(C) When the budget for fiscal year 1994 or 1995 is submitted and the sequestration reports for those years under section 254 are made (as applicable), if the President does not choose to make the adjustments set forth in subparagraph (B), the maximum deficit amount for that fiscal year shall be adjusted by the amount of the adjustment to discretionary spending limits first applicable for that year (if any) under section 251(b).
(D) For each fiscal year the adjustments required to be made with the submission of the President’s budget for that year shall also be made when OMB submits the sequestration update report and the final sequestration report for that year, but OMB shall continue to use the economic and technical assumptions in the President’s budget for that year.
Each adjustment shall be made by increasing or decreasing the maximum deficit amounts set forth in section 6011 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974.
(2) Calculations of adjustments.—The required increase or decrease shall be calculated as follows:
(A) The baseline deficit or surplus shall be calculated using up-to-date economic and technical assumptions, using up-to-date concepts and definitions, and, in lieu of the baseline levels of discretionary appropriations, using the discretionary spending limits set forth in section 601 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 as adjusted under section 251.
(B) The net deficit increase or decrease caused by all direct spending and receipts legislation enacted after the date of enactment of this section (after adjusting for any sequestration of direct spending accounts) shall be calculated for each fiscal year by adding—
(i) the estimates of direct spending and receipts legislation transmitted under section 252(d) applicable to each such fiscal year; and
(ii) the estimated amount of savings in direct spending programs applicable to each such fiscal year resulting from the prior year’s sequestration under this section or section 252 of direct spending, if any, as contained in OMB’s final sequestration report for that year.
(C) The amount calculated under subparagraph (B) shall be subtracted from the amount calculated under subparagraph (A).
(D) The maximum deficit amount set forth in section 601 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 shall be subtracted from the amount calculated under subparagraph (C).
(E) The amount calculated under subparagraph (D) shall be the amount of the adjustment required by paragraph (1).
(h) Treatment of Deposit Insurance.—
(1) Initial estimates.—The initial estimates of the net costs of federal deposit insurance for fiscal year 1994 and fiscal year 1995 (assuming full funding of, and continuation of, the deposit insurance guarantee commitment in effect on the date of the submission of the budget for fiscal year 1993) shall be set forth in that budget.
(2) Reestimates.—For fiscal year 1994 and fiscal year 1995, the amount of the reestimate of deposit insurance costs shall be calculated by subtracting the amount set forth under paragraph (1) for that year from the current estimate of deposit insurance costs (but assuming full funding of, and continuation of, the deposit insurance guarantee commitment in effect on the date of submission of the budget for fiscal year 1993).
 Section 601 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, which set forth enforcement provisions of the Bipartisan Budget Agreement of 1990, was repealed in 1997 by the Budget Enforcement Act of 1997. The discretionary spending limits are set forth in section 251(c) of BBEDCA. Before its repeal, section 601 set spending limits by reference to section 12(b)(l) of H. Con. Res. 64 (103rd Congress), which set limits through fiscal year 1998. Those limits were set in the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, and the concurrent resolution was the budget resolution for fiscal year 1994.
 All of Title VI, including section 601, of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was repealed in 1997 by the BEA of 1997. Maximum deficit amounts remain in section 253 of BBEDCA, but though in law, are not enforceable. They were not extended by the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, the BEA of 1997, the BCA of 2011, or the BBA of 2013. Though section 253 is not operable for enforcing maximum deficit targets, it is referred to in section 251A of BBEDCA and the enforcement procedures it includes.
Legislative History Notes
Pub. L. 99–177, title II, §253, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1078 (Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985).
Pub. L. 100–119, title I, §103, Sept. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 775 (Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987).
Pub. L. 101–508, title XIII, §13101(a), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–583 (Budget Enforcement Act of 1990).
References in Text
Section 256(a) of this title, referred to in subsection (e)(1), was repealed by Pub. L. 111–139, title I, §10(a), Feb. 12, 2010, 124 Stat. 21 (S-Paygo 2010).
Section 256(c) of this title, referred to in subsection (e)(2), was repealed by Pub. L. 111–139, title I, §10(c), Feb. 12, 2010, 124 Stat. 22 (S-Paygo 2010).
Section 251(b) of this title, referred to in subsection (g)(1)(B), was amended by:
Pub. L. 105–33, title X, §10203(a)(4), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 699 (Budget Enforcement Act of 1997);
Pub. L. 109–59, title VIII, §8002, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1916 (SAFETEA-LU 2005); and
Pub. L. 112–25, title I, §101, Aug. 2, 2011, 125 Stat. 241 (Budget Control Act of 2011). As so amended, this section no longer contains paragraph (1)(C) or (2)(E).
Section 601 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. 665), referred to in subsection (g)(1), (2)(A), (D), was repealed by Pub. L. 105–33, title X, §10118(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 695 (BEA 1997).
November 5, 1990, referred to in subsection (g)(2)(B), was in the original “the date of enactment of this section”, which was translated as meaning the date of enactment of Pub. L. 101–508, which amended this section generally, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Pub. L. 101–508 amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to enforcement of deficit targets for provisions relating to compliance report by Comptroller General.
Pub. L. 100–119 amended section generally, designating existing provisions as par. (1), substituting “(or December 15, 1987, in the case of the fiscal year 1988)” for “(or on or before April 1, 1986, in the case of the fiscal year 1986)”, and adding pars. (2) and (3).
[BCR § 205]