CBA, as Enacted (Contents)

Section 605, as Enacted

Congressional Budget Act of 1974


budget data based on continuation of existing level of services

Sec. 605(a) On or before November 10 of each year (beginning with 1975), the President shall submit to the Senate and the House of Representatives the estimated outlays and proposed budget authority which would be included in the Budget to be submitted pursuant to section 201 of the Budget and Accounting Act, 1921, for the ensuing fiscal year if all programs and activities were carried on during such ensuing fiscal year at the same level as the fiscal year in progress and without policy changes in such programs and activities. The estimated outlays and proposed budget authority submitted pursuant to this section shall be shown by function and sub functions (in accordance with the classifications in the budget summary table entitled “Budget Authority and Outlays by Function and Agency”), by major programs within each such function, and by agency. Accompanying these estimates shall be the economic and programmatic assumptions underlying the estimated outlays and proposed budget authority, such as the rate of inflation, the rate of real economic growth, the unemployment rate, program caseloads, and pay increases.

(b) The Joint Economic Committee shall review the estimated outlays and proposed budget authority so submitted, and shall submit to the Committees on the Budget of both Houses an economic evaluation thereof on or before December 31 of each year. Estimated outlays and proposed budget authority; submittal to Congress by President.




Sec. 604 (CBA, Enacted) 


Sec. 606 (CBA, as Enacted)

Repeal of Section 605 (CBA)

Though this section was repealed, the substance of the requirement was transferred to 31 U.S.C. 1109 by Pub. L. 97-258, which revised and codified Title 31 of the U.S. Code “without substantive revision.”


The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:

Section 605. Current Services Budget

The Senate amendment provided for the submission of a current services budget each year and for Joint Economic Committee review of this budget’s economic assumptions and accuracy.

The Conference substitute requires submission of a current services budget by November 10 of each year. This budget shall be based upon the existing level of services without policy changes and shall present estimates by agency, function, subfunction, and major programs. The current services budget shall state the economic and program assumptions upon which it is based. The Joint Economic Committee shall review the current services budget and submit an economic evaluation to Congress by December 31 of each year.

[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]

CRS Report: Legislative History

Legislative History

The idea of a current services budget first appeared in an amendment proposed by Senator Muskie as a substitute for S. 1541.[1] The concept was incorporated into the bill reported by the Senate Government Operations Committee and was expanded by the Rules and Administration Committee to include an evaluation by the Joint Economic Committee. The only change made by the conference committee was to delete the provision that the JEC evaluation include a determination of the accuracy, completeness, and validity of the current services estimates.

The purposes of a current services budget are to give Congress an early start on its budget work and to provide “baseline” information against which the President’s budget and alternatives can be compared.

The November 10 submission date is a modification of the December 1 deadline set in S. 1541 as reported by the Government Operations Committee. At hearings before the Rules and Administration Committee, OMB Director Roy Ash complained that the December 1 date would interfere with preparation of the President’s budget and he indicated that an earlier date might be preferable.[2] The November 10 date always occurs after Presidential and congressional elections and comes after the preceding fiscal year has ended.

Section 605 does not require a current services budget in the same detail as the President’s budget. However, a summary presentation – only by agency or function – would not satisfy the needs of Congress or the intent of this section. As specified in the Act, the current services must go down to the major program level and must spell out the economic and program assumptions upon which it is based.


[1] Amdt. No. 559 (September 28, 1973). 93d Congress, 1st Session.

[2] U. S. Senate, Committee on Rules and Administration, Hearings on Federal Budget Control by the Congress, 93d Congress, 2d Session (1974), p. 74.

CRS – The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (P.L. 93-344) Legislative History and Analysis (75-94 S) February 26, 1975, pp. 189-190.


This section was classified to the U.S. Code at 31 U.S.C. 11a. It included the following note from 88 Stat. 325: “Estimated out- lays and proposed budget authority; submittal to Congress by President. 31 U.S.C. 11a. Ante, p. 324.”

Public Law 97-258 repealed sections 601-605 and 607. See Pub. L. 97-258, sec. 5(b), 96 Stat. 877, 1082 (Sept. 13, 1982). Section 223 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 repealed section 606. Sections 601-605 and 607 were codified in sections 1105, section 1106, section 1108, and section 1110 of  title 31.


Pub. L. 93–344, §605, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 297, 325The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 enacted this section into law. 


Most of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information: 




Sec. 604 (CBA, as Enacted) 


Sec. 606 (CBA, as Enacted)



[BCR § 158.605]