CBA (Contents)

Congressional Budget Act of 1974

Section 703

continuing study of additional budget reform proposals

Sec. 703.[1] (a) The Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate shall study on a continuing basis proposals designed to improve and facilitate methods of congressional budgetmaking. The proposals to be studied shall include, but are not limited to, proposals for—

(1) improving the information base required for determining the effectiveness of new programs by such means as pilot testing, survey research, and other experimental and analytical techniques;

(2) improving analytical and systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of existing programs;

(3) establishing maximum and minimum time limitations for program authorization; and

(4) developing techniques of human resource accounting and other means of providing noneconomic as well as economic evaluation measures.

(b) The Committee on the Budget of each House shall, from time to time, report to its House the results of the study carried on by it under subsection (a), together with its recommendations.

(c) Nothing in this section shall preclude studies to improve the budgetary process by any other committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate or any joint committee of the Congress.




Section 702 (CBA)


Section 801 (CBA)

Counsel Notes

[1] This section is classified to the U.S. Code at 2 U.S.C. 623.

Legislative History Notes
Public Laws 

Pub. L. 93–344, title VII, §703, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 326 (Congressional Budget Act of 1974).


Section 703 was formerly classified to section 1303 of Title 31. It was reclassified as section 623 of Title 2 (The Congress) of  the U.S.  Code in the general revision and enactment of Title 31, Money and Finance, by Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877 (Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982[1]).

Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130 (1975)[2]
Section 703. Study of Budget Reform Proposals

The Senate amendment listed a number of matters to be the subject of continuing study by the Budget Committee. It required the committees to hold hearing and report on the designated subjects, and it stipulated that the provision not be construed to preclude budget improvement activities by other committees.

The conference substitute reduces the number of matters specified to be studied. The Budget Committees are to examine budget improvement proposals including matters relating to the information base for program analysis, the systematic evaluation of programs, time limitations on program authorizations, and techniques of human resource accounting. Other committees are not to be precluded from undertaking studies to improve the budget process.


[1] This term is a colloquial term used on this website. The long title is as follows: “An Act To revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws, related to money and finance, as title 31, United States Code, ‘Money and Finance’.”

[2] Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.




Section 702 (CBA)


Section 801 (CBA)


[BCR § 163]