Section 202, as Enacted
Duties and functions
Sec. 202. (a) Assistance to Budget Committees.—It shall be the duty and function of the Office to provide to the Committees on the Budget of both Houses information which will assist such committees in the discharge of all matters within their jurisdictions, including
(1) information with respect to the budget, appropriation bills, and other bills authorizing or providing budget authority or tax expenditures,
(2) information with respect to revenues, receipts, estimated future revenues and receipts, and changing revenue conditions, and
(3) such related information as such Committees may request.
(b) Assistance to Committees on Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Finance.—At the request of the Committee on Appropriations of either House, the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives, or the Committee on Finance of the Senate, the Office shall provide to such Committee any information which will assist it in the discharge of matters within its jurisdiction, including information described in clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a) and such related information as the Committee may request.
(c) Assistance to Other Committees and Members.—
(1) At the request of any other committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate or any joint committee of the Congress, the Office shall provide to such committee or joint committee any information compiled in carrying out clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a), and, to the extent practicable, such additional information related to the foregoing as may be requested.
(2) At the request of any Member of the House or Senate, the Office shall provide to such Member any information compiled in carrying out clauses (1) and (2) of subsection (a), and, to the extent available, such additional information related to the foregoing as may be requested.
(d) Assignment of Office Personnel to Committees and Joint Committees.—At the request of the Committee on the Budget of either House, personnel of the Office shall be assigned, on a temporary basis, to assist such committee. At the request of any other committee of either House or any joint committee of the Congress, personnel of the Office may be assigned, on a temporary basis, to assist such committee or joint committee with respect to matters directly related to the applicable provisions of subsection (b) or (c).
(e) Transfer of Functions of Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures.—
(1) The duties, functions, and personnel of the Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures are transferred to the Office, and the Joint Committee is abolished.
(2) Section 601 of the Revenue Act of 1941 (55 Stat. 726) is repealed.
(f) Reports to Budget Committees.—
(1) On or before April 1 of each year, the Director shall submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report, for the fiscal year commencing on October 1 of that year, with respect to fiscal policy, including (A) alternative levels of total revenues, total new budget authority, and total outlays (including related surpluses and deficits), and (B) the levels of tax expenditures under existing law, taking into account projected economic factors and any changes in such levels based on proposals in the budget submitted by the President for such fiscal year. Such report shall also include a discussion of national budget priorities, including alternative ways of allocating budget authority and budget outlays for such fiscal year among major programs or functional categories, taking into account how such alternative allocations will meet major national needs and affect balanced growth and development of the United States.
(2) The Director shall from time to time submit to the Committees on the Budget of the House of Representatives and the committees. Senate such further reports (including reports revising the report required by paragraph (1)) as may be necessary or appropriate to provide such Committees with information, data, and analyses for the performance of their duties and functions,
(g) Use of Computers and Other Techniques.—The Director may equip the Office with up-to-date computer capability (upon approval of the Committee on House Administration of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Rules and Administration of the Senate), obtain the services of experts and consultants in computer technology, and develop techniques for the evaluation of budgetary requirements.
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:
Section 202 (a), (b), (c), and (d).
Assistance to Committees and Members House bill anticipated that the Legislative Budget Office would function as the joint staff of the two Budget Committees and that it would furnish only available information and related technical assistance to other committees and Members. The Senate amendment anticipated that each Budget Committee would have staff of its own and that the Congressional Office of the Budget would render assistance to all committees and Members in accord with a prescribed order of priority: (1) the Budget, Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Finance Committees (2) other committees; and (3) Members.
The conference substitute provides that it shall be the duty of the Congressional Budget Office to provide each Budget Committee information with respect to all matters within its jurisdiction and to assign personnel at their request on a temporary basis. The managers recognize that the House and Senate Budget Committees may be expected to establish staffs of their own including experts and consultants in accord with the rules of their respective Houses. Nevertheless, the managers believe that the functioning of the Budget Committees is so essential to the congressional process that their work must command first claim on the time and resources of the Budget Office. Accordingly, it is made the duty and function of the Budget Office to furnish information and assign personnel for all matters relating to the congressional budget process.
The managers believe that very high priority must be accorded those other spending committees whose work and jurisdiction are most closely related to the budget process. These committees are the Appropriations Committees of the House and the Senate, the House Ways and Means Committee, and the Senate Finance Committee. At the request of any of these committees, the Budget Office shall furnish budget-related information and may detail personnel for a limited time.
The managers expect that the Budget Office will furnish information to any other committee, including certain information prepared for the Budget, Appropriations, or tax committees and , to the extent practicable additional related information. The Budget Office at its discretion may temporarily assign personnel to other committees. The managers understand that all standing committees will be involved in the congressional budget process, and they therefore anticipate that necessary assistance must be forthcoming from the Budget Office. But such assistance must not interfere with priority service to the several budget-related committees.
On request, Members shall be supplied certain information previously prepared for the Budget, Appropriations, and tax committees with respect to budget matters and any available, related information. The managers believe that Members are entitled to obtain the basic budget studies and compilations made by the Budget Office. It is vital that Members have available timely and comprehensive information when they consider legislation and resolutions relating to budget policy. However, in the allocation of the specialized resources of the Budget Office, priority must be given to the Budget, Appropriations, and tax committees.
Section 202(e). The Joint Committee on Reduction of Federal Expenditures
The Senate amendment provided for the termination of the Joint Committee on Reduction or Federal Expenditures and the transfer of its functions to the Congressional Budget Office.
The conference substitute provides for the termination of the Joint Committee and the transfer or its functions to the Budget Office. This transfer is timed to the appointment of the Director of the Budget Office, so that it will start with n core or experienced technicians and analysts who can perform the scorekeeping functions of the congressional budget process.
Section 202(f). Report to Budget Committees
The Senate amendment provided for an annual report to Congress by the Congressional Office of the Budget with respect to alternative budget levels including budget authority, outlays, revenues, and tax expenditures. The Senate amendment also called for an annual report to Congress on national goals and priorities, discussing the goals and priorities reflected in the budget and the effect of the budget on national growth and development.
The conference substitute provides for a report by the Congressional Budget Office to the Budget Committees by April 1 of each year. This report is to address fiscal policy and national budget priorities. The report shall discuss alternative budget levels for the next fiscal year as well as alternative allocations of budget authority and outlays and examine the possible effects of such alternative allocations on national growth and development. Additional reports on fiscal policy and national budget policy may be submitted from time to time as appropriate.
The managers look to these reports as a major resource for the Budget Committees in their formulation of concurrent resolutions on the budget. For this reason, the reports are to be submitted directly to the Budget Committees and are timed to coincide with preparation of the first budget resolution. The managers also believe that the annual determinations relating to the budget office the most relevant context for the discussion of national budget priorities and they therefore regard the annual report as the appropriate occasion for the submission of staff analyses on national budget priorities to the Budget Committees.
Section 202(f). Use of Computers and Other Techniques
The Senate amendment authorized the Director to equip the Budget Office, upon approval by the Senate Committee on Rules and Administration and the Committee on House Administration, with computer capability, to obtain the services of computer experts and consultants, and to develop budgetary evaluation techniques.
The conference substitute is substantially the same as the Senate provision. The aim of the approval requirement is to ensure the coordination of congressional computer facilities so that such facilities will be developed in an orderly and efficient manner. The managers anticipate that the implementation of section 202(f) will be in accord with the following understandings:
1. The approval requirement is to cover only the acquisition and installation in the Office of major computer capability.
2. The Director is not required to secure approval from the two committees for the use of automatic data processing services or computer time-sharing, through purchase or other arrangements; for purchase or lease of the equipment required to communicate with remote data files and other information resources; or for acquisition or use of other modern information handling equipment such as microform, etc.
3. The Director may obtain the services of experts and consultants in automatic data processing and modern information handling techniques, and may purchase, lease, or otherwise develop programs for acquiring, processing, and analyzing fiscal and budgetary data and information as he deems are necessary to carry out the responsibilities of the Office.
[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]
Classification to the U.S. Code
This section is classified to 2 U.S.C. 602.
Legislative History Notes
Pub. L. 93–344, §202, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 304. The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 enacted this section into law.
Revision of title 31 of the u.s. code
Most of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information:
- Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877
- Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982
- Revision of Title 31
- Table on the House Law Revision Counsel Website.
[BCR § 108e]