Section 3, as Enacted
Sec. 3. (a) In General.—For purposes of this Act—
(1) The terms “budget outlays” and “outlays” mean, with respect to any fiscal year, expenditures and net lending of funds under budget authority during such year.
(2) The term “budget authority” means authority provided by law to enter into obligations which will result in immediate or future outlays involving Government funds, except that such term does not include authority to insure or guarantee the repayment of indebtedness incurred by another person or government.
(3) The term “tax expenditures” means those revenue losses attributable to provisions of the Federal tax laws which allow a special exclusion, exemption, or deduction from gross income or which provide a special credit, a preferential rate of tax, or a deferral of tax liability; and the term “tax expenditures budget” means an enumeration of such tax expenditures.
(4) The term “concurrent resolution on the budget” means—
(A) a concurrent resolution setting forth the congressional budget for the United States Government for a fiscal year as provided in section 301;
(B) a concurrent resolution reaffirming or revising the congressional budget for the United States Government for a fiscal year as provided in section 310; and
(C) any other concurrent resolution revising the congressional budget for the United States Government for a fiscal year as described in section 304.
(5) The term “appropriation Act” means an Act referred to in section 105 of title 1, United States Code.
(b) Joint Committee on Atomic Energy.—For purposes of titles II, III, and IV of this Act, the Members of the House of Representatives who are members of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy shall be treated as a standing committee of the House, and the Members of the Senate who are members of the Joint Committee shall be treated as a standing committee of the Senate.
 The Joint Committee on Atomic Energy was abolished by Pub. L. 95-110, “An Act to abolish the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy and to reassign certain functions and authorities”. The law, introduced as S. 1153, was enacted into law on September 9, 1977. It struck out all of subsection (b), which provided that Members of the respective Houses of Congress who were members of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy were to be treated as standing committees of their respective Houses of Congress.
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:
Section 3. Definitions
The House bill provided definitions of “budget outlays”, “budget authority” and “concurrent resolution on the budget.” The Senate amendment also defined these terms but excluded insured or guaranteed loans from the definition of budget authority. The Senate amendment also defined “tax expenditures”, “tax expenditures budget”, and “appropriation Act”, and it provided that for purposes of the congressional budget process, the House members of the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy are to be deemed a committee of the House and the Senate members a committee of the Senate.
The conference substitute incorporates the House definition of “concurrent resolution on the budget” and the Senate definition of all other items. The Senate definition of “tax expenditures” has been simplified although no change in meaning is intended. The managers intend that the definition of “budget outlays” and “budget authority” for purposes of the congressional budget process be the same as that used for the executive budget and that any item which is excluded by law from the executive budget may be excluded from any specification of budget outlays or budget authority in the congressional budget process.
[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]
CLASSIFICATION TO THE U.S. CODE
This section was formerly classified to 31 U.S.C. 1302. It is now codified at 2 U.S.C. 622.
Joint Committee on Atomic Energy
Subsection (b) of the section specifies that the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy was a tantamount to a standing committee of the House and Senate for Budget Act purposes. This Joint Committee was created by Chapter 17 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (Pub. L. 83-107). This committee was abolished in 1977 by Pub. L. 95-110, an Act specifically enacted for that purpose. The Act repealed subsection (b).
Legislative History Notes
The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (Pub. L. 93–344, §3, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 299) enacted this section into law.
Revision of title 31 of the u.s. code
Most of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information:
- Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877
- Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982
- Revision of Title 31
- Table on the House Law Revision Counsel Website.
[BCR § 103e]