Section 310, as Enacted
Second required concurrent resolution and reconciliation process
Sec. 310. (a) Reporting of Concurrent Resolution.—The Committee on the Budget of each House shall report to its House a concurrent resolution on the budget which reaffirms or revises the concurrent resolution on the budget most recently agreed to with respect to the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year. Any such concurrent resolution on the budget shall also, to the extent necessary—
(1) specify the total amount by which—
(A) new budget authority for such fiscal year;
(B) budget authority initially provided for prior fiscal years; and
(C) new spending authority described in section 401(c)(2)(C) which is to become effective during such fiscal year, contained in laws, bills, and resolutions within the jurisdiction of a committee, is to be changed and direct that committee to determine and recommend changes to accomplish a change of such total amount;
(2) specify the total amount by which revenues are to be changed and direct that the committees having jurisdiction to determine and recommend changes in the revenue laws, bills, and resolutions to accomplish a change of such total amount;
(3) specify the amount by which the statutory limit on the public debt is to be changed and direct the committees having jurisdiction to recommend such change; or
(4) specify and direct any combination of the matters described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3). Any such concurrent resolution may be reported, and the report accompanying it may be filed, in either House notwithstanding that that House is not in session on the day on which such concurrent resolution is reported.
(b) Completion or Action on Concurrent Resolution.—Not later than September 15 of each year, the Congress shall complete action on the concurrent resolution on the budget referred to in subsection (a).
(c) Reconciliation Process.—If a concurrent resolution is agreed to in accordance with subsection (a) containing directions to one or more committees to determine and recommend changes in laws, bills, or resolutions, and—
(1) only one committee of the House or the Senate is directed to determine and recommend changes, that committee shall promptly make such determination and recommendations and report to its House a reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution, or both, containing such recommendations; or
(2) more than one committee of the House or the Senate is directed to determine and recommend changes, each such committee so directed shall promptly make such determination and recommendations, whether such changes are to be contained in a reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution, and submit such recommendations to the Committee on the Budget of its House, which upon receiving all such recommendations, shall report to its House a reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution, or both, carrying out all such recommendations without any substantive revision. For purposes of this subsection, a reconciliation resolution is a concurrent resolution directing the Clerk of the House of Representatives or the Secretary of the Senate, as the case may be, to make specified changes in bills and resolutions which have not been enrolled.
(d) Completion of Reconciliation Process.—Congress shall complete action on any reconciliation bill or reconciliation resolution reported under subsection (c) not later than September 25 of each year.
(e) Procedure in the Senate.—
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the provisions of section 305 for the consideration in the Senate of concurrent resolutions on the budget and conference reports thereon shall also apply to the consideration in the Senate of reconciliation bills and reconciliation resolutions reported under subsection (c) and conference reports thereon.
(2) Debate in the Senate on any reconciliation bill or resolution reported under subsection (c), and all amendments thereto and debatable motions and appeals in connection therewith, shall be limited to not more than 20 hours.
(f) Congress May Not Adjourn Until Action Is Completed.—It shall not be in order in either the House of Representatives or the Senate to consider any resolution providing for the adjournment sine die of either House unless action has been completed on the concurrent resolution on the budget required to be reported under subsection (a) for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year, and, if a reconciliation bill or resolution, or both, is required to be reported under subsection (c) for such fiscal year, unless the Congress has completed action on that bill or resolution, or both.
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:
Section 310 (a) and (b). Second Required Concurrent Resolution
Both the House and Senate versions provided for adoption of a second concurrent resolution the budget prior to the start of the new fiscal year.
The conference substitute provides for adoption of the second budget resolution no later than September 15. The second concurrent resolution shall affirm or revise the most recent resolution and may specify changes in budget authority (for the new fiscal year or carried over from prior years), entitlements, total revenues, or the public debt limit. The second concurrent resolution also shall direct the committees with jurisdiction over any specified changes to determine and recommend such changes. While no date is fixed for the reporting of the resolution by the Budget Committees (the reporting date probably will vary from year to year depending on whether and when Congress takes a recess and on when action is completed on appropriation bills), this section authorizes the Budget Committees to make their reports when Congress is not in session. It is anticipated that the Budget Committees may report in some years during the August recess and that such reports shall be available to Members, so that Congress will be able to consider the concurrent resolution upon its return.
Section 310(c). Reconciliation Process
Both the House and Senate versions provided for the reconciliation of spending, revenue, and debt legislation with the levels and instructions set forth in the second concurrent resolution. The conference substitute contains a similar reconciliation procedure.
When Congress has implemented the procedure authorized in section 301(b)(1) requiring appropriation and entitlement bills not be enrolled until any necessary reconciliation have been made, it is anticipated that the reconciliation will be in the form of a resolution directing the Clerk of the House and the Secretary of the Senate to make the necessary changes in the bills being held. When a reconciliation resolution is the appropriate measure, it may also be necessary to consider a reconciliation bill for changing matters previously enacted into law.
If the changes (in spending, entitlement, revenue, or debt legislation) specified by the second concurrent resolution are in the jurisdiction of only one committee in either House, each such committee shall promptly report a reconciliation bill or resolution to its House. If more than one committee in either House has been directed to make changes in matters within its jurisdiction, then either such committee shall submit its recommendations to the Budget Committee of its House. The Budget Committee then shall compile, without substantive change, all the recommendations it has received into a reconciliation bill or resolution. The reconciliation bill or resolution reported to the House or Senate shall fully carry out the directions specified in the second concurrent resolution.
Section 310 (d), (e), and (f). Completion of Reconciliation Process
The House bill provided for completion of any required reconciliation action prior to adjournment; the Senate amendment had a September 25 completion date. Both versions barred sine die adjournment until the reconciliation has been completed, and the Senate amendment also prohibited any recess for more than three days.
The conference substitute sets September 25 as the deadline for completion of the reconciliation process and it bars sine die adjournment until the second concurrent resolution and any required reconciliation measures have been adopted. Subsection (e) incorporates the procedure contained in the Senate amendment for the consideration or reconciliation measure in the Senate.
[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]
Classification to the U.S. Code
This section was formerly classified to 31 U.S.C. 1331.
Legislative History Notes
Pub. L. 93–344, §310, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 315. The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 enacted this section into law.
Revision of title 31 of the u.s. code
Most of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information:
- Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877
- Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982
- Revision of Title 31
- Table on the House Law Revision Counsel Website.
[BCR § 120e]