Budget Counsel Reference Directory

Public Laws (Resources for Budget Law)

Summary

Since the founding of the Nation, the Congress has enacted numerous laws effecting the budget process. The Constitution itself has limited guidance as to this fundamental aspect of governance. The current system, such as it is, does not indicate any comprehensive plan or succession of events beyond a general attempt by lawmakers to keep up with the massive growth of the Federal Government over time. Included here are some of the major laws, but by no means exhaustive.


Major Budget Laws

Public Law 067-13 – Budget and Accounting Act of 1921

Public Law 093-344 – Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

Public Law 099-177 – Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (BBEDCA)

Public Law 099-177, title II, §251, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1037 (BBEDCA GPO PDF Link)

Public Law 100-119 – Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987 (BBEDCRA)

Public Law 100–119, title I, §102(a), Sept. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 754 (BBEDCRA GPO PDF Link)

Public Law 101-508 – Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 (BEA 1990)

Public Law 101–508, title XIII, §13101(a), (e)(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388 (BEA GPO PDF Link)

Public Law 103-62 Government Performance and Results Act of 1993

Public Law 103-66 – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993 – Budget Provisions (Title XIV)

Public Law 104-193 – Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Act of 1996 (the Welfare Reconciliation Act)

Public Law 104-4 – Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

Public Law 104-193 – Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Act of 1996

Public Law 104-193 – Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

Public Law 105-33 – Balanced Budget Act of 1997 [BCR Link]

Public Law 105-33, title X, §10203(a), (b), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 677 (Budget Enforcement Act of 1997) GPO Page View Link

Public Law 111-139 – Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010

Public Law 112-25 – Budget Control Act of 2011

Public Law 112-240, title IX, §901(d)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2370 (American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012)

Public Law 112-25, title I, §101, Aug. 2, 2011, 125 Stat. 241 (Budget Control Act of 2011)  GPO Page View Link

Public Law 113-67 – Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 (BCR Link)

Public Law 113–67, div. A, title I, §101(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1166 (Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013) GPO Page View Link

Public Law 114- 74 – Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015

Public Law 114–74, 129 Stat. 584, Nov. 2, 2015 (Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 GPO PDF Link)

Balanced Budget Act of 1995 (No Public Law Number – Vetoed)

Tax Relief Reconciliation Acts 1999-2003

Public Law 100–203, title VIII, §8003(f), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–282 (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987)

Public Law 101-239 – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (Taking the Postal Service Off Budget)

Public Law 101-239 – Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1989 (Postal Service  Off-Budget)

Public Law 103–306, title V, §562, Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1649 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1995).

Public Law 103–354, title I, §119(d)(1), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3208 (Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reauthorization Act of 1994).

Public Law 103–66, title XIV, §14002(c)(1), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 683 (Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993).

Public Law 103–87, title V, §571, Sept. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 971 (Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1994).

Public Law 104-xx -Balanced Budget Act of 1995 (Vetoed)

Public Law 104–121, title I, §103(b), Mar. 29, 1996, 110 Stat. 848 (Contract with America Advancement Act of 1996).

Public Law 104–193, title II, §211(d)(5)(B), Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2191 (Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996).

Public Law 104–208, div. A, title I, §101(c) [title V, §577], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–1213009-169 (Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997).

Public Law 105–178, title VIII, §8101(a), (d), June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 488 490(Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century).

Public Law 105–89, title II, §201(b)(1), Nov. 19, 1997, 111 Stat. 2125 (Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997).

Public Law 106–291, title VIII, §801(a), (b), Oct. 11, 2000, 114 Stat. 1026 1027(Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2001).

Public Law 106–429, §101(a) [title VII, §701(a)], Nov. 6, 2000, 114 Stat. 1900 1900A-64(Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2001).

Public Law 107-117 – Department of Defense Appropriations ESA 2002; H.R. 3338, 107th Congress. Division C of Pub. L. 107-117 included a short title: ‘‘Emergency Supplemental Act, 2002’’.

Public Law 107–117, div. C, §101(a), Jan. 10, 2002, 115 Stat. 2341 (Department of Defense and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for Recovery from and Response to Terrorist Attacks on the United States Act, 2002).

Public Law 108–310, §10(a), (b), Sept. 30, 2004, 118 Stat. 1160 (Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2004, Part V).

Public Law 108–88, §10(a), (b), Sept. 30, 2003, 117 Stat. 1127 (Surface Transportation Extension Act of 2003).

Public Law 109- Deficit Control Act of 2005

Public Law 109-171 – Deficit Control Act of 2005

Public Law 109–59, title VIII, §§8001(a), 8002, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1915 1916 (Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users).

Public Law 114-254 – div. A, §184, December 10, 2016 (Further Continuing and Security Assistance Appropriations Act, 2017) [Continuing Appropriations  through April  28,  2017]). 

Public Law 114-254 – div. A, §184, December 10, 2016 (Further Continuing and Security Assistance Appropriations Act, 2017) [Continuing Appropriations  through April  28,  2017]). 

Public Law 114–113, div. O, title X, §1003, Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3035 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016).

Public Law 114–113, div. O, title X, §1003, Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3035 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016).

Public Law 114–113, div. O, title X, §1003, Dec. 18, 2015, 129 Stat. 3035 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016).

Public Law 114–254 –Further Continuing and Security Assistance Appropriations Act, 2017

Public Law 76-19 – The Reorganization Act of 1939

Public Law 77-250 – Revenue Act of 1941 (Pub. L. 77-250, 55 Stat. 687, September 20, 1941 (See sec. 601 for Joint Committee on Nonessential Federal Spending)

Public Law 79-304 – The Employment Act of 1946

Public Law 83–480 – Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954

Public Law 83–480 – Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954

Public Law 97-108 State and Local Government Cost Estimate Act of 1981 

Public Law 97-258 [Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982]

Public Law 97-452 [Title 31 Codification Law of 1983]

Public Laws – Tax Relief Reconciliation Acts 1999-2003

Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, Pub. L. 115-123; 132 Stat. 64; February 9, 2018; H.R. 1892 (115th Congress)

Sections from Title 31 of the U.S. Code

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§067. Public Debt Limit

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§069. Reconciliation

[BCR § 068]