Government Performance and Results Act of 1993
Public Law 103-62
Pub. L. 103–62, 129 Stat. 585, Nov. 2, 2015; S. 20 (103rd Congress) (Government Performance and Results Act of 1993)
The Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 requires executive agency heads to submit to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and Congress a strategic plan for performance goals of their agency’s program activities. It also requires the plan to cover at least a five-year period and to be updated at least every three years.
See also the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-352).
Public Law: Pub. L. 103-62
Stat. At Large: 107 Stat. 285
Enacted: Aug. 3, 1993
Bill Number: S. 20 (103rd Congress)
Sponsor: Sen. Roth Jr., William V. [R-DE]
Note: This Act (informally known as GPRA or “Gipra”)
It was later amended and updated by the GPRA Modernization Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-352, 124 Stat. 3866, Jan. 4, 2011, H.R. 2142 (111th Congress)).
Applicable Text of Statute
Sec. 4. Annual Performance Plans and Reports.
(a) Budget Contents and Submission To Congress.—Section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following new paragraph: (29) beginning with fiscal year 1999, a Federal Government performance plan for the overall budget as provided for under section 1115.
(b) Performance Plans and Reports.—Chapter 11 of title 31, United States Code, is amended by adding after section 1114 the following new sections:
“(a) In carrying out the provisions of section 1105(a)(29), the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall require each agency to prepare an annual performance plan covering each program activity set forth in the budget of such agency. Such plan shall—
“(1) establish performance goals to define the level of performance to be achieved by a program activity;
“(2) express such goals in an objective, quantifiable, and measurable form unless authorized to be in an alternative form under subsection (b);
“(3) briefly describe the operational processes, skills and technology, and the human, capital, information, or other resources required to meet the performance goals;
“(4) establish performance indicators to be used in measuring or assessing the relevant outputs, service levels, and outcomes of each program activity;
“(5) provide a basis for comparing actual program results with the established performance goals; and
“(6) describe the means to be used to verify and validate measured values.
“(b) If an agency, in consultation with the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, determines that it is not feasible to express the performance goals for a particular program activity in an objective, quantifiable, and measurable form, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget may authorize an alternative form. Such alternative form shall—
“(1) include separate descriptive statements of—
“(A)(i) a minimally effective program, and
“(ii) a successful program, or
“(B) such alternative as authorized by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, with sufficient precision and in such terms that would allow for an accurate, independent determination of whether the program activities performance meets the criteria of the description; or
“(2) state why it is infeasible or impractical to express a performance goal in any form for the program activity.
“(c) For the purpose of complying with this section, an agency may aggregate, disaggregate, or consolidate program activities, except that any aggregation or consolidation may not omit or minimize the significance of any program activity constituting a major function or operation for the agency.
“(d) An agency may submit with its annual performance plan an appendix covering any portion of the plan that—
“(1) is specifically authorized under criteria established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy; and
“(2) is properly classified pursuant to such Executive order. (e) The functions and activities of this section shall be considered to be inherently Governmental functions. The drafting of performance plans under this section shall be performed only by Federal employees.
“(f) For purposes of this section and sections 1116 through 1119, and sections 9703 and 9704 the term—
“(1) ‘agency’ has the same meaning as such term is defined under section 306(f) of title 5;
“(2) ‘outcome measure’ means an assessment of the results of a program activity compared to its intended purpose;
“(3) ‘output measure’ means the tabulation, calculation, or recording of activity or effort and can be expressed in a quantitative or qualitative manner;
“(4) ‘performance goal’ means a target level of performance expressed as a tangible, measurable objective, against which actual achievement can be compared, including a goal expressed as a quantitative standard, value, or rate;
“(5) ‘performance indicator’ means a particular value or characteristic used to measure output or outcome;
“(6) ‘program activity’ means a specific activity or project as listed in me program and financing schedules of the annual budget of the United States (government; and
“(7) ‘program evaluation’ means an assessment, through objective measurement and systematic analysis, of the manner and extent to which Federal programs achieve intended objectives.
“(a) No later than March 31, 2000, and no later than March 31 of each year thereafter, the head of each agency shall prepare and submit to the President and the Congress, a report on program performance for the previous fiscal year.
“(b)(1) Each program performance report shall set forth the performance indicators established in the agency performance plan under section 1115, along with the actual program performance achieved compared with the performance goals expressed in the plan for that fiscal year.
“(2) If performance goals are specified in an alternative form under section 1115(b), the results of such program shall be described in relation to such specifications, including whether the performance failed to meet the criteria of a minimally effective or successful program.
“(c) The report for fiscal year 2000 shall include actual results for the preceding fiscal year, the report for fiscal year 2001 shall include actual results for the two preceding fiscal years, and the report for fiscal year 2002 and all subsequent reports shall include actual results for the three preceding fiscal years.
“(d) Each report shall—
“(1) review the success of achieving the performance goals of the fiscal year;
“(2) evaluate the performance plan for the current fiscal year relative to the performance achieved toward the performance goals in the fiscal year covered by the report;
“(3) explain and describe, where a performance goal has not been met (including when a program activities performance is determined not to have met the criteria of a successful program activity under section 1115(b)(l)(A)(ii) or a corresponding level of achievement if another alternative form is used)—
“(A) why the goal was not met;
“(B) those plans and schedules for achieving the established performance goal; and
“(C) if the performance goal is impractical or infeasible, why that is the case and what action is recommended; (4) describe the use and assess the effectiveness in achieving performance goals of any waiver under section 9703 of this title; and
“(5) include the summary findings of those program evaluations completed during the fiscal year covered by the report. (e) An agency head may include all program performance information required annually under this section in an annual financial statement required under section 3515 if any such statement is submitted to the Congress no later than March 31 of the applicable fiscal year.
“(f) The functions and activities of this section shall be considered to be inherently Governmental functions. The drafting of program performance reports under this section shall be performed only by Federal employees.
“The Director of the Office of Management and Budget may exempt from the requirements of sections 1115 and 1116 of this title and section 306 of title 5, any agency with annual outlays of $20,000,000 or less.”.