§10. Budget Resolutions

Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2017

S. Con. Res. 3 (115th Congress)
As Adopted by COngress

Legislative History 

The Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal  Year 2017 was finally adopted on January 13, 2017  by the House of  Representatives, after having been introduced and passed by the Senate on January 12,  2017.  This came after Congress  was unable to adopt any  fiscal year 2017 budget resolution in the 114th  Congress.  Furthermore, it was the second time in history the House was  unable to pass any budget resolution on the floor, and the first time it was  unable to “deem” a budget in place after having failed to get a final agreement in place. Hence, the fiscal year 2016 budget resolution, S. Con. Res. 11 adopted  in the 1st Session of the 114th Congress,  had to serve as the budget, though it was  badly out of date.

When the 115th Congress convened on  January 3, 2017, the Leadership of both Chambers decided  to adopt a fiscal  year 2017  budget resolution, not for the purpose of providing a budget but rather in order to generate a  reconciliation measure. Such a measure does not need sixty votes in the Senate to bring debate to a close and hence it may not be filibustered in that Chamber. S.Con. Res. 3, therefore, only includes the bare minimum elements to  allow it to qualify as a budget resolution along with the all important reconciliation instructions to the Committees of Jurisdiction (Senate Finance and Senate Health, Education,  Labor and Pensions, and House Ways and Means and House Energy  and  Commerce.

The instructions for these Committees were place holder amounts of $1 billion in deficit reduction over ten years for each.  Under budget rules, all long as the amount is met, the bill may have broad latitude in budgetary changes.

The Senate had  operated under a Senate Deeming  Resolution included  in  the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015. The House had no  such deeming resolution and  instead  worked  on H. Con.  Res. 125 which led at the end of  the 114th Congress (since it was never adopted  in  any fashion, and in  particular not as a “concurrent resolution”.

Legislative Activity
Date Actions Overview
01/03/2017 Introduced in Senate
01/03/2017 Senate Committee on the Budget discharged pursuant to Section 300 of the Congressional Budget Act.
01/12/2017 Passed/agreed to in Senate: Resolution agreed to in Senate without amendment by Yea-Nay Vote. 51 – 48. Record Vote Number: 26.(text as passed Senate: 01/11/17 CR S268-272)
01/13/2017 Passed/agreed to in House: On agreeing to the resolution Agreed to by the Yeas and Nays: 227 – 198 (Roll no. 58).(text: CR H510)
Major Documents

Final Budget Resolution; S. Con. Res. 3 (115th Congress): Congress Adopted


S. Con. Res 3 (115th Congress), Senate Passed:  Resolution Text

Amendments Offered in the Senate to S. Con. Res. 3 (115th Congress): The resolution was considered on January 5, 2017, but no Amendments were adopted.


S. Con. Res. 3 (115th Congress): The House only passed the Senate-passed resolution and no amendments were allowed to be offered.

The House Budget Committee did not take any action on S. Con. Res. 3. The budget resolution it reported, H. Con. Res. 125, was never acted on by the House of Representatives and died at the end of the 114th Congress.

These documents provided for the consideration of S. Con. Res. 3:

Rule for S. Con. Res. 3 – H. Res. 48 (115th Congress)

Rule Report – H. Rept. 115-4 (115th Congress) 

H. Con. Res. 125 Failed House Budget Resolution (Never Considered by House)

H. Con. Res. 125 (114th Congress): Committee-Passed Resolution Text – (No Floor Action)

H.  Con. Res. 125 ; House Report 114-470 

Budget Process Article : Contemplating the Congressional Budget Process (February 2, 2016)



FY2016 – S. Con. Res. 11 (114th Congress)


FY2018 – H. Con. Res. 71 (115th Congress)


[BCR § 010.42]