GAO Glossary of Terms and Definitions (September 2005)


Amounts paid by federal agencies, by cash or cash equivalent, during the fiscal year to liquidate government obligations. “Disbursement” is used interchangeably with the term “outlay.” In budgetary usage, gross disbursements represent the amount of checks issued and cash or other payments made, less refunds received. Net disbursements represent gross disbursements less income collected and credited to the appropriation or fund account, such as amounts received for goods and services provided. (See also Outlay; Expenditure.)

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Direct Spending


Discount Rate