Public Laws

Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010
Public Law 111–139

Pub. L. 114–74, title I, §101(a), title VIII, §815, Nov. 2, 2015, 129 Stat. 585  (Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015)

The Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 was enacted as Title I of H. J. Res. 45 which increased the statutory limits on the public debt. The bill recreates, generally, the form of “pay-as-you-go” that was in effect from 1990 through 2002, though it has significant differences both in policy application and statutory construction. For the former, S-Paygo uses a rolling average, that is any legislation’s budgetary effect are averaged out over five and ten years rather than applying in individual years. The latter statutory construction can be seen in that it does not use section 252 of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 but rather is drafted as additional provisions that use much of BBEDCA’s infrastructure, such as the reports prepared under section 254 and the exemption list from section 255.

S-Paygo (Contents)
S-Paygo (General)

General  Information

Public Law: Pub. L. 111–139

Stat. At Large: Feb. 12, 2010

Enacted: 124 Stat. 8

Bill Number: H.J. Res 45 (111th Congress)

Sponsor: No Sponsor (Introduced pursuant to the Gephardt Rule)

Note: The Act has no expiration date, and hence the enforcement mechanism of deficit controls are permanent unless newly enacted laws change their application.


Section-by-Section (Congressional Record; 111th Congress, 2nd Session Issue: Vol. 156, No. 12 — Daily Edition) January  28, 2010

Compendium (2015) – Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010

Statutory Pay-As-You-Go (Statutes at Large) Pub. L. 111-139, 124 Stat. 8 

OMB – A Description of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (OMB Summary)

Codification of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010

Short Title Note From 2 U.S.C. 931

For purposes of classifying provisions of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111–139, title I, §1, Feb. 12, 2010, 124 Stat. 8) to the U.S. Code, see the below table:

U.S. Code


Description Pub. L. 111-139


Cite Statutes

at Large

31 USC 3101 Amended section

Increased debt limit

No section

First provision

124 Stat. 8
2 USC 931 Short Title Sec. 1 124 Stat. 8
2 USC 931 New Note Sec. 2 124 Stat. 8
2 USC 932 New (Definitions) Sec. 3 124 Stat. 8
2 USC 933 New Sec. 4 124 Stat. 9
2 USC 639 Amended sec. 308 (CBA) CBO Scores Sec. 4(b) 124 Stat. 11
2 USC 934 New Sec. 5 124 Stat. 15
2 USC 935 New Sec. 6 124 Stat. 16
Sec. 7 124 Stat. 16
2 USC 936 New Sec. 8 124 Stat. 21
2 USC 937 New Sec. 8 124 Stat. 21
2 USC 900 New Technical Sec.  9(a) 124 Stat. 21
2 USC 906 New Technical Sec. 9(b) 124 Stat. 21
2 USC 906 Repeal Sec. 10 124 Stat. 21
2 USC 905 Amend Sequester BBEDCA 255 List Sec. 11 124 Stat. 23
2 USC 938 New Sec. 12 124 Stat. 29
2 USC 939 New Sec. 13 124 Stat. 29
31 USC 712 New Note Sec. 21 124 Stat. 29

Summary of S-Paygo 2010 (CRS)

Increases the statutory limit on the public debt from $12.394 trillion to $14.294 trillion.

Title I: Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 – Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 – (Sec. 4) Authorizes a Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) Act originated in or amended by the House of Representatives to state: “The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go-Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled ‘Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation’ for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted before the vote on passage.”

Requires the inclusion of a similar statement, but with reference to the the Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, in any PAYGO Act originated in or amended by the Senate.

Requires a similar statement in any conference report or amendment between the chambers on a PAYGO Act, but with reference to both House and Senate Chairmen of the respective budget committees.

Amends the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (CBA) to require the chairs of the congressional budget committees (chairs) to request from the Director of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) an estimate of the budgetary effects of PAYGO legislation.

Directs the chairs to request that CBO adjust the estimate of budgetary effects of legislation that affects current policy as detailed in Sec. 7 of this title.

Prohibits the use of any excess savings from adjustments for current policy to offset the costs of policies not detailed in Sec. 7.

Requires the applicable chair to include in the statement titled: “Budget Effects of PAYGO Legislation” for such adjusted PAYGO legislation an explanation of such policy designation and adjustment.

Requires the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to maintain and make publicly available a continuously updated document containing two PAYGO scorecards (the first for a five-year period and the second for a 10-year period for the beginning of each respective budget year) displaying the budgetary effects of PAYGO legislation, applying certain look-back and averaging requirements. Requires OMB to display as a separate addendum the cost estimates of provisions designated in statute as emergency requirements.

Prohibits such scorecards from including net savings from any legislation titled “Community Living Assistance Services and Supports Act” (establishing a federal insurance program for long-term care), if such legislation is enacted into law, or amended, subsequent to enactment of this title.

Declares that, if a provision of direct spending or revenue legislation in a PAYGO Act is designated in statute as an emergency requirement, the amounts of new budget authority, outlays, and revenue in all fiscal years resulting from that provision shall be treated as an emergency requirement for purposes of this Act.

Provides that when the Senate is considering a PAYGO Act, if a point of order is made by a Senator against an emergency designation in it, the provision making such a designation shall be stricken from the measure and may not be offered as an amendment from the floor. Permits waiver or suspension of such prohibition, or successful appeals from rulings of the Chair, only by an affirmative vote of three-fifths (60) of the Senate.

(Sec. 5) Requires OMB to: (1) make an annual public PAYGO report, including a up-to-date document containing the PAYGO scorecards, within 14 business days after Congress adjourns to end a session; and (2) prepare for the President an offsetting sequestration order, which the President shall issue, if such report shows a debit on either PAYGO scorecard for the budget year.

(Sec. 6) Prescribes requirements for calculating a sequestration for nonexempt direct spending programs, including Medicare payments and certain nonexempt mandatory programs.

(Sec. 7) Prescribes requirements for CBO adjustments of estimates of budgetary effects of PAYGO legislation for legislation affecting current policy for: (1) payments made under title XVIII (Medicare) of the Social Security Act for physician services; (2) the Estate and Gift Tax under the Internal Revenue Code; and (3) the permanent extension of middle-class tax cuts and the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) relief under the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001 (EGTRRA) or the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief and Reconciliation Act of 2003 (JGTRRA).

Makes this section effective through December 31, 2011.

(Sec. 8) Applies to this Act certain sequestration order requirements of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (BBEDCA) (Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act), as amended by this Act, including the authority of Members of Congress and certain individuals to request an expedited judicial review of a sequestration order.

(Sec. 9) Makes technical and conforming amendments to the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act.

(Sec. 10) Exempts from sequestration: (1) low-income subsidies and catastrophic subsidies under Part D (Voluntary Prescription Drug Benefit Program) of the Social Security Act (SSA); and (2) qualified individual (QI) premiums for Medicare cost-sharing for certain dual eligible low-income Medicare beneficiaries under SSA title XIX (Medicaid).

(Sec. 11) Amends the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act to specify additional Social Security, veterans, Tier I Railroad Retirement benefits and other programs and activities exempt from a sequestration order as well as certain economic recovery programs and certain other programs to the extent that their budgetary resources are subject to obligation limitations in appropriation bills (split treatment programs).

(Sec. 12) Declares that nothing in this title shall be construed to limit the House and Senate budget committee chairs’ authority under the CBA regarding budgetary determinations and points of order. Authorizes CBO to consult with them to resolve any ambiguities in this title.

(Sec. 13) Makes it out of order in both chambers to consider any bill or resolution pursuant to any expedited procedure to consider the recommendations of a Task Force for Responsible Fiscal Action or other commission that contains recommendations with respect to the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program under SSA title II or certain taxes received, imposed by, and collected under the Internal Revenue Code.

Permits waiver or suspension of such prohibition, or successful appeals from rulings of the Chair, only by an affirmative vote of three-fifths (60) of the Senate.

Title II: Elimination of Duplicative and Wasteful Spending – (Sec. 21) Requires the Comptroller General to: (1) conduct routine investigations to identify programs, agencies, offices, and initiatives with duplicative goals and activities within Departments and governmentwide; and (2) report annually to Congress on the findings, including the cost of such duplication, and with recommendations for consolidation and elimination to reduce duplication identifying specific rescissions.