Despite the attempts to bring the judiciary into budgetary decision making through a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution, this form of Government policy has not seen a great deal of judicial intrusion. This comes with several notable exceptions, which are explored to some degree here.
Case Law Finder (Justia)
The Origination Clause (Section 7, Clause 1)
Deficit Reduction Act of 2005
Constitutionality of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005: Dismissal of OneSimpleLoan et al. v. U.S.Secretary of Education et al.
444 F. Supp.2d 1088 (E.D.Calif. July 18, 2006), No. Civ. S-99-0355-FCD-JFM, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 48753, 2006 WL 12034650, decided by Judge Frank C. Dambrell, Jr.
451 F. Supp. 2d 109 (D.D.C. August 11, 2006), No. 1:06-00523-JDB, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 44740, 2006 WL 2329329, decided by Judge John D. Bates, http://www.dcd.uscourts.gov/opinions/district-court-2006.html