TITLE XVI—BUDGET CONTROL
SEC. 16004. SPECIAL DIRECT SPENDING MESSAGE BY PRESIDENT.
(c)1987 Proposed Special Direct Spending Resolution.—
(2)1988 Resolution to be introduced in house.—Within 10 days after the President’s special direct spending message is submitted, the text required by [section 5 of Executive Order 12857]1990 shall be introduced as a concurrent resolution in the House of Representatives by the chairman of the Committee on the [p. 844] Budget of the House of Representatives without substantive revision. If the chairman fails to do so, after the tenth day the resolution may be introduced by any Member of the House of Representatives. A concurrent resolution introduced under this paragraph shall be referred to the Committee on the Budget.
1985. House Resolution 235, adopted by the House August 5, 1993, provides that these provisions shall apply in the House of Representatives to any special direct spending message that the President submits pursuant to Executive Order 12857. See H. Res. 235, 103d Cong., 1st Sess., para. (1), 139 Cong. Rec. H6122 (daily ed. Aug. 3, 1993). (For the complete text and legislative history of H. Res. 235, see infra note 2024.) The House adopted these provisions as rules of the House in an exercise of its constitutional rulemaking authority. See U.S. Const. art. I, § 5, cl. 2. House Resolution 235 does not by its terms adopt this title heading or the heading for section 16004 as a part of the rules of the House, but they are set forth here as aids to understanding.
1986. Section 4 of Exec. Order No. 12857 defines “direct spending message”. See supra pp. 822-826.
1987. H. Res. 235 did not provide for adoption of subsections (a) and (b) as part of the House rules, nor did it provide for the redesignation of subsection (c) as subsection (a). See infra note 2024. Thus subsection (c) is the first subsection.
1988. H. Res. 235 did not provide for adoption of paragraph (1) as part of the House rules, nor did it provide for the redesignation of paragraph (2) as paragraph (1). See infra note 2024. Thus paragraph (2) is the first paragraph.
1989. Section 4 of Exec. Order No. 12857 defines “direct spending message”. See supra pp. 822-826.
1990. Paragraph (2) of H. Res. 235 (see infra note 2024) instructs that this reference, which originally was to “paragraph (1)” of this section, shall be deemed to be a reference to section 5 of Exec. Order No. 12857 (see supra pp. 826-827).
 In addition, House Resolutions expire at the end of each Congress, and therefore at the end of the 103rd Congress, since it was not extended by an act of the House, expired.