Congressional Budget Act of 1974
A section 302(b) suballocation refers to an amount of budget authority and outlays provided to each subcommittee of either the House or Senate Appropriations Committee once they have received a 302(a) allocation by a concurrent resolution on the budget for a fiscal year. The suballocation applies to the fiscal year for which the budget resolution has been adopted.
The “suballocation” is distinct from an “allocation” in that the former is derived from, or a division of, the latter. Though the term “302(b) allocation” is also used, formally it is a misnomer since the terms used in the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 specify that the amount provided to Appropriations Subcommittees are “suballocations” and the full Appropriations Committee is to “suballocate” the allocation provided.
Section 302 is classified to the U.S. Code at 2 U.S.C. 633.
Deschler’s Precedents: Chapter 41 (Budget Process)
§ 15. Section 311
Deschler’s Precedents of the U.S. House of Representatives, Volume 18, Chapter 41, §15, p. 245-246.
See under Subcommittee Allocation.
GAO Glossary Entry
The GAO Glossary, as noted above, includes only a cross-reference to another Glossary entry “Subcommittee Allocations” for further information. In that entry, the following information is included:
As required by section 302(b) of the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 (2 U.S.C. § 633(b)), the distribution of spending authority and outlays by the appropriations committees of each house of Congress to their relevant appropriations subcommittees of jurisdiction based on the levels contained in the concurrent resolution on the budget.
Text from Title III of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974:
(b) Suballocations by Appropriations Committees.—As soon as practicable after a concurrent resolution on the budget is agreed to, the Committee on Appropriations of each House (after consulting with the Committee on Appropriations of the other House) shall suballocate each amount allocated to it for the budget year under subsection (a) among its subcommittees. Each Committee on Appropriations shall promptly report to its House suballocations made or revised under this subsection. The Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives shall further divide among its subcommittees the divisions made under subsection (a)(3)(B) and promptly report those divisions to the House.