Accounts For Purposes Other Than Budget Presentation

While all accounts of the Federal Government are presented in the Presidential Budget submitted to Congress as required under section 1105 of Title 31 of the U.S. Code, certain accounts are formally required under general accounting standards, even though they may “nonbudgetary” in nature.

GAO Glossary of Terms and Definitions  (September 2005)

Accounts for Purposes Other Than Budget Presentation

Clearing Accounts

Accounts that temporarily hold general, special, or trust fund federal government collections or disbursements pending clearance to the applicable receipt or expenditure accounts.

Deposit Fund Accounts

Nonbudgetary accounts established to account for collections that are either (1) held temporarily and later refunded or paid upon administrative or legal determination as to the proper disposition thereof or (2) held by the government, which acts as banker or agent for others, and paid out at the direction of the depositor. Examples include savings accounts for military personnel, state and local income taxes withheld from federal employees’ salaries, and payroll deductions for the purchase of savings bonds by civilian employees of the government. Deposit fund balances are accounted for as liabilities of the federal government. These accounts are not included in the budget totals because the amounts are not owned by the government. Therefore, the budget records transactions between deposit funds and budgetary accounts as transactions with the public. Deposit fund balances may be held in the form of either invested or uninvested balances. However, since the cash in the accounts is used by the Department of the Treasury to satisfy immediate cash requirements of the government, to the extent that they are not invested in federal debt, changes in uninvested deposit fund balances are shown as a means of financing the deficit in the budget.

Foreign Currency Fund Accounts

Accounts established in the Department of the Treasury for foreign currency that is acquired without payment of U.S. dollars. Examples of such accounts are those set up through the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act (7 U.S.C. §§ 1691– 1736g).

Suspense Accounts

Combined receipt and expenditure accounts established to temporarily hold funds that are later refunded or paid into another government fund when an administrative or final determination as to the proper disposition is made.

Transfer Appropriation (Allocation) Accounts

Accounts established to receive and disburse allocations. Such allocations and transfers are not adjustments to budget authority or balances of budget authority. Rather, the transactions and any adjustments therein are treated as nonexpenditure transfers at the time the allocations are made. The accounts carry symbols that identify the original appropriation from which moneys have been advanced. Transfer appropriation accounts are symbolized by adding the receiving agency’s department prefix to the original appropriation or fund account symbol. In some cases, a bureau suffix is added to show that the transfer is being made to a particular bureau within the receiving department. For budget purposes, transactions in the transfer accounts are reported with the transactions in the parent accounts. For further information, see the Treasury Financial Manual.  (See also Allocation; Nonexpenditure Transfer under Transfer.)

[Pages 5-7]


Account (Presentation in the Presidential Budget Submission)


Accounts Payable