Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (General)

Congressional Budget and
Impoundment Control Act of 1974


Congressional Budget Act of 1974


Section 1. Short Titles, Table of Contents.

Section 2. Declaration of Purposes.

Section 3. Definitions.

Title I. Establishment of the House and Senate Budget Committees

Section 101. Budget Committee of the House of Representatives.

Section 102. Budget Committee of the Senate.

Title II. Congressional Budget Office

Section 201. Establishment of Office.

Section 202. Duties and Functions.

Section 203. Public Access to Budget Data.

Title III. Congressional Budget Process

Section 300. Timetable.

Section 301. Annual Adoption of Concurrent Resolution on the Budget

Section 302. Committee Allocations

Section 303. Concurrent Resolution on the Budget Must be Adopted Before Budget-related Legislation is Considered

Section 304. Permissible Revisions of Concurrent Resolutions on the Budget

Section 305. Provisions Relating to Consideration of Concurrent Resolutions on the Budget

Section 306. Legislation Dealing With Congressional Budget Must Be Handled by Budget Committees

Section 307. House Committee Action on All Appropriation Bills to be Completed by June 10

Section 308. Reports, Summaries, and Projections of Congressional Budget Actions

Section 309. House Approval of Regular Appropriation Bills

Section 310. Reconciliation

Section 311. Budget-related Legislation Must Be Within Appropriate levels

Section 312. Determinations and Points of Order

Section 313. Extraneous Matter in Reconciliation Legislation

Section 314. Adjustments

Section 315. Effect of Adoption of a Special Order of Business in the House of Representatives

Title IV. Additional Provisions To Improve Fiscal Procedures

Part A – General Provisions

Section 401. Budget-Related Legislation Not Subject To Appropriations

Section 402. Analysis By The Congressional Budget Office

Section 403. Jurisdiction of the Appropriations Committees

Section 404. Study by the Government Accountability Office of Forms Of Federal Financial Commitment That Are Not Reviewed Annually By Congress

Section 405. Off-Budget Agencies, Programs, and Activities

Section 406. Member User Group

Part B – Federal Mandates

Section 421. Definitions

Section 422. Exclusions

Section 423. Duties of Congressional Committees

Section 424. Duties of the Director; Statements on Bills and Joint Resolutions Other Than Appropriations Bills and Joint Resolutions

Section 425. Legislation Subject to Point of Order

Section 426. Provisions Relating to the House of Representatives

Section 427. Requests to the Congressional Budget Office from Senators

Section 428. Clarification of Application

Title V. Credit Reform

Section 500. Short Title

Section 501. Purposes

Section 502. Definitions

Section 503. CBO and OMB Analysis; Coordination and Review

Section 504. Budget Treatment

Section 505. Authorizations

Section 506. Treatment of Deposit Insurance and Agencies and Other Insurance Programs

Section 507. Effect on Other Laws

Title VI. [Repealed]

Title VI – 1974 Sections (As Enacted by Pub. L. 93-344 (CBA))

Title VI – 1990 Sections (Provisions of the 1990 Budget Agreement in the BEA 1990))

Title VII – Program Review and Evaluation

Section 701. Review and Evaluation of Standing Committees

Section 702. Review and Evaluation (Repealed)

Section 703. Continuing study of additional budget reform proposals 

Title VIII. Fiscal and Budgetary Information Controls

Section 801. Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970 (Repealed)

Section 802. Changes in Functional Categories (Repealed)

Title IX – Miscellaneous Provisions; Effective Dates

Section 901. Amendments to the Rules of the House.

Section 902. Conforming Amendments to the Standing Rules of the Senate.

Section 903. Amendments to Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946

Section 904. Exercise of Rulemaking Powers

Section 905. Effective Dates [Repealed]

 Section 906. Application of Congressional Budget Process to FY76 [Repealed]



Title X. Impoundment Control

Part A – General Provisions

Section 1001. Disclaimer

Section 1002. Amendment to Antideficency Act (Repealed)

Section 1003. Repeal of Existing Impoundment Reporting Provision (Repealed)

Part B – Congressional Consideration of Proposed Rescissions, Reservations, and Deferral of Budget Authority

Section 1011. Definitions

Section 1012. Rescissions of Budget Authority

Section 1013. Proposed Deferrals

Section 1014. Transmission of Messages

Section 1015. Comptroller General Reports

Section 1016. Comptroller General Suits

Section 1017. House and Senate Procedure

Part C – Line Item Veto*

Section 1021. Line Item Veto Authority

Section 1022. Special Messages

Section 1023. Cancellation Effective Unless Disapproved

Section 1024. Deficit Reduction

Section 1025. Expedited Congressional Consideration of disapproval bills

Section 1026. Definitions

Section 1027. Identification of Limited Tax Benefits

∗ The Line Item Veto Act of 1996 was found unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1998. In addition, under the terms of the law, its provisions have expired.

[For the law as first enacted see Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, As Enacted]

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Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985

[BCR § 100]