Congressional Budget Act of 1974
TITLE III – CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET PROCESS
legislation dealing with the congressional budget must be handled by the budget committees
Sec. 306. (a) In the Senate.—In the Senate, no bill, resolution, amendment, motion, or conference report, dealing with any matter which is within the jurisdiction of the Committee on the Budget shall be considered unless it is a bill or resolution which has been reported by the Committee on the Budget (or from the consideration of which such committee has been discharged) or unless it is an amendment to such a bill or resolution.
(b) In the House of Representatives.—In the House of Representatives, no bill or joint resolution, or amendment thereto, or conference report thereon, dealing with any matter which is within the jurisdiction of the Committee on the Budget shall be considered unless it is a bill or joint resolution which has been reported by the Committee on the Budget (or from the consideration of which such committee has been discharged) or unless it is an amendment to such a bill or joint resolution.
Section 305 (CBA)
Section 307 (CBA)
 Section 306 is codified in the U.S. Code at 2 U.S.C. 637.
 In 2013, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 amended section 306, by applying it separately to the House and the Senate in order to confine its application to only “joint resolutions” rather than also including simple resolutions. This enacted into law provisions including in the Separate Orders of each organizing resolution from the 106th through the 1013th Congress. In particular, it excluded simple resolutions reported by the Committee on the Rules of the House, which also has jurisdiction over budget-related rulemaking.
Budget Process Law Annotated
Section 306 (BPLA) includes notes on this section, though it was amended by the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013 to exclude simple or concurrent resolutions. The annotations are valuable, though primarily oriented toward the Senate application.
Exception in the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010
Section 4(a) of the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-139) sets out a procedure by which estimates from the Congressional Budget Office are used to assess the budget impact of laws enacted affecting the deficit. The language included in these bills are within the jurisdiction of the Budget Committees, but section 4(a)(4) (S-Paygo) provides an exception to section 306 (CBA) for bills including such language. The language from section 4(a)(4) (S-Paygo) reads as follows:
(4) Jurisdiction of the budget committees.—For the purposes of enforcing section 306 of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, a designation made pursuant to paragraph (1)(A),(1)(B), or (1)(C), that includes only the language specifically prescribed therein, shall not be considered a matter within the jurisdiction of either the Senate or House Committees on the Budget.
SECTION 306, AS ENACTED
Section 306 (CBA), as enacted by the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (Pub. L. 97-344).
SECTION 306 FROM THE BPLA
Section 306 (BPLA), as set out in the Budget Process Law Annotated (1993).
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY NOTES
Pub. L. 93–344, title III, §306, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 313 (Congressional Budget Act of 1974).
Pub. L. 99–177, title II, §201(b), Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1050 (Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985).
Pub. L. 101–508, title XIII, §13207(a)(1)(D), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–617 (Budget Enforcement Act of 1990).
Pub. L. 113–67, div. A, title I, §122(7), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1175 (Bipartisan Budget Act of 2013).
This section was formerly classified to section 1327 of Title 31 of the U.S. Code. Title 31 was generally revised with the enactment of Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877 (Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982).
Pub. L. 113–67 (BBA 2013) designated existing provisions as subsection (a) and inserted heading, substituted “In the Senate, no” for “No”, struck out “of either House” after “jurisdiction of the Committee on the Budget”, “in that House” after “shall be considered”, and “of that House” after “reported by the Committee on the Budget”, and added subsection (b).
Pub. L. 101–508 (BEA 1990) substituted “bill, resolution, amendment, motion, or conference report” for “bill or resolution, and no amendment to any bill or resolution”.
Pub. L. 99–177 (BBEDCA 1985) reenacted section without change.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment
The amendment by of this section by the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Pub. L. 99–177) was effective Dec. 12, 1985, and was applicable with respect to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30, 1985. The effective dates set forth in section 275(a)(1) of Pub. L. 99–177 were amended but was repealed by the Budget Control Act of 2011 (Pub. L. 112–25, title I, §104(a), Aug. 2, 2011, 125 Stat. 246).
Section 305 (CBA)
Section 307 (CBA)
[BCR § 116]