review and evaluation by the comptroller general
Sec. 702. Section 204 of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 [31 U.S.C. 1154 is amended to read as follows:
“review and evaluation
“Sec. 204. (a) The Comptroller General shall review and evaluate the results of Government programs and activities carried on under existing law when ordered by either House of Congress or upon his own initiative, or when requested by any committee of the House of Representatives or the Senate, or any joint committee of the two Houses, having jurisdiction over such programs and activities.
“(b) The Comptroller General, upon request of any committee of either House of Congress or any joint committee of the two Houses shall—
“(1) assist such committee or joint committee in developing a statement of legislative objectives and goals and methods for assessing and reporting actual program performance in relation to such legislative objectives and goals. Such statements shall include, but are not limited to, recommendations as to methods of assessment, information to be reported, responsibility for reporting, frequency of reports, and feasibility of pilot testing; and
“(2) assist such committee or joint committee in analyzing or assessing program reviews or evaluation studies prepared by and for any Federal agency.
Upon the request of any Member of either House, the Comptroller General shall furnish to such Member a copy of any such statement other material compiled in carrying out paragraph (1) or (2) which has been released by the committee or joint committee for which it was compiled.
“(c) The Comptroller General shall develop and recommend to the Congress methods for review and evaluation of Government programs and activities carried under existing laws.
“(d) In carrying out his responsibilities under this section the Comptroller General is authorized to establish an Office of Program Review and Evaluation within the General Accounting Office.
“(e) The Comptroller General shall include in his annual report to the Congress a review of activities under this section, including his recommendations of methods for review and evaluation of Government programs and activities under subsection (c).”
(b) Item 204 in the table of contents of such Act is amended to read as follows:
“Sec. 204. Review and evaluation.”
Section 702 was repealed by 97-258, An Act “To revise, codify, and enact without substantive change certain general and permanent laws, related to money and finance, as title 31, United Slates Code, ‘Money and Finance’.”
 The reference to “31 U.S.C. 1154” is in section 702, but it no longer exists in the U.S. Code by operation of Pub. L. 97-258, which revised and codified multiple provisions of law and concentrated them in Title 31 of the U.S. Code.
Section 702 has been repealed insofar as it was removed from the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, effectively, by Pub. L. 97-258. This law transferred many budget-related provisions, including those in the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, to Title 31 of the U.S. Code. It made these transfers without substantive revision, so in this sense some sections were transferred rather than repealed. For this particular section, it amended existing law and once executed served no other purpose. See the Revision and Codification of Title 31 of the U.S. Code made by Pub. L. 97-258 to see the CBA sections affected.
Legislative History Notes
Section 702 was included in the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, as originally enacted.
Public Law 97-258 (no short title) generally revised (“without substantive change”) provisions of law related to money and finance and codified them in Title 31 of the U.S. Code. This law repealed section 702 and transferred it to the U.S. Code, most of it to 31 U.S.C. 717, which is set forth below:
(a) In this section, “agency” means a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government (except a mixed-ownership Government corporation) or the District of Columbia government.
(b) The Comptroller General shall evaluate the results of a program or activity the Government carries out under existing law—
(1) on the initiative of the Comptroller General;
(2) when either House of Congress orders an evaluation; or
(3) when a committee of Congress with jurisdiction over the program or activity requests the evaluation.
(c) The Comptroller General shall develop and recommend to Congress ways to evaluate a program or activity the Government carries out under existing law.
(d)(1) On request of a committee of Congress, the Comptroller General shall help the committee to-
(A) develop a statement of legislative goals and ways to assess and report program performance related to the goals, including recommended ways to assess performance, information to be reported, responsibility for reporting, frequency of reports, and feasibility of pilot testing; and
(B) assess program evaluations prepared by and for an agency.
(2) On request of a member of Congress, the Comptroller General shall give the member a copy of the material the Comptroller General compiles in carrying out this subsection that has been released by the committee for which the material was compiled.
* * * * * *
(b)(1) The Comptroller General shall include in the report to Congress under subsection (a) of this section—
(A) a review of activities under sections 717(b)–(d) and 731(e)(2) of this title, including recommendations under section 717(c) of this title;
* * * * * *
(e) The Comptroller General may procure the services of experts and consultants under section 3109 of title 5 at rates not in excess of the daily rate for level IV of the Executive Schedule, except that the services of not more than 20 experts and consultants may be procured for terms of not more than 3 years, but which shall be renewable.
Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130 (1975)
Section 702. Review and Evaluation by Comptroller General
The Senate amendment expanded the review and evaluation functions and duties of the Comptroller General, including assistance to committees and Members.
The conference substitute is a revision of the Senate provision. It amends section 204 of the 1970 Legislative Reorganization Act to expand GAO assistance to Congress. As amended, section 204 (a) provided that the Comptroller General shall evaluate Government programs at his own initiative, when ordered by either House, or at the request of a congressional committee. Section 204(b) provides that upon request, the Comptroller General shall assist committees in developing statements of legislative objectives and methods for assessing program performance. The managers consider oversight of executive performance to be among the principal functions of congressional committees and they recognize that the usefulness of program evaluation can be enhanced by the clear expression of legislative objectives and the employment of modern analytic methods. The managers further believe that statements of intent can be most appropriately developed by the committee of jurisdiction. Members must be provided upon request with all related information after its release by the committee for which it was compiled.
Section 204(c) directs the Comptroller General to develop and recommend program evaluation methods to Congress. Section 204(d) authorizes the establishment of an office of program review and evaluation in GAO. Section 204(e) calls for the Comptroller General to review GAO’s evaluation activities in his annual report to Congress.
Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.
[BCR § 162]