Section 201, as Enacted
Establishment of Office.
Sec. 201. (a) In General.—
(1) There is established an office of the Congress to be known as the Congressional Budget Office (hereinafter in this title referred to as the “Office”). The Office shall be headed by a Director; and there shall be a Deputy Director who shall perform such duties as may be assigned to him by the Director and, during the absence or incapacity of the Director or during a vacancy in that office, shall act as Director.
(2) The Director shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President pro tempore of the Senate after considering recommendations received from the Committees on the Budget of the House and the Senate, without regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of his fitness to perform his duties. The Deputy Director shall be appointed by the Director.
(3) The term of office of the Director first appointed shall expire at noon on January 3,1979, and the terms of office of Directors subsequently appointed shall expire at noon on January 3 of each fourth year thereafter. Any individual appointed as Director to fill a vacancy prior to the expiration of a term shall serve only for the unexpired portion of that term. An individual serving as Director at the expiration of a term may continue to serve until his successor is appointed. Any Deputy Director shall serve until the expiration of the term of office of the Director who appointed him (and until his successor is appointed), unless sooner removed by the Director.
(4) The Director may be removed by either House by resolution.
(5) The Director shall receive compensation at a per annum gross rate equal to the rate of basic pay, as in effect from time to time, for level III of the Executive Schedule in section 5314 of title 5, United States Code. The Deputy Director shall receive compensation at a per annum gross rate equal to the rate of basic pay, as so in effect, for level IV of the Executive Schedule in section 5315 of such title.
(b) Personnel.—The Director shall appoint and fix the compensation of such personnel as may be necessary to carry out the duties and functions of the Office. All personnel of the Office shall be appointed without regard to political affiliation and solely on the basis of their fitness to perform their duties. The Director may prescribe the duties and responsibilities of the personnel of the Office, and delegate to them authority to perform any of the duties, powers, and functions imposed on the Office or on the Director. For purposes of pay (other than pay of the Director and Deputy Director) and employment benefits, rights, and privileges, all personnel of the Office shall be treated as if they were employees of the House of Representatives.
(c) Experts and Consultants.—In carrying out the duties and functions of the Office, the Director may procure the temporary (not to exceed one year) or intermittent services of experts or consultants or organizations thereof by contract as independent contractors, or, in the case of individual experts or consultants, by employment at rates of pay not in excess of the daily equivalent of the highest rate of basic pay payable under the General Schedule of section 5332 of title 5, United States Code.
(d) Relationship To Executive Branch.—The Director is authorized to secure information, data, estimates, and statistics directly from the various departments, agencies, and establishments of the executive branch of Government and the regulatory agencies and commissions of the Government. All such departments, agencies, establishments, and regulatory agencies and commissions shall furnish the Director any available material which he determines to be necessary in the performance of his duties and functions (other than material the disclosure of which would be a violation of law). The Director is also authorized, upon agreement with the head of any such department, agency, establishment, or regulatory agency or commission, to utilize its services, facilities, and personnel with or without reimbursement; and the head of each such department, agency, establishment, or regulatory agency or commission is authorized to provide the Office such services, facilities, and personnel.
(e) Relationship to Other Agencies of Congress.—In carrying out the duties and functions of the Office, and for the purpose of coordinating the operations of the Office with those of other congressional agencies with a view to utilizing most effectively the information, services, and capabilities of all such agencies in carrying out the various responsibilities assigned to each, the Director is authorized to obtain information, data, estimates, and statistics developed by the General Accounting Office, the Library of Congress, and the Office of Technology Assessment, and (upon agreement with them) to utilize their services, facilities, and personnel with or without reimbursement. The Comptroller General, the Librarian of Congress, and the Technology Assessment Board are authorized to provide the Office with the information, data, estimates, and statistics, and the services, facilities, and personnel, referred to in the preceding sentence.
(f) Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated to the Office for each fiscal year such sums as may be necessary to enable it to carry out its duties and functions. Until sums are first appropriated pursuant to the preceding sentence, but for a period not exceeding 12 months following the effective date of this subsection, the expenses of the Office shall be paid from the contingent fund of the Senate, in accordance with the paragraph relating to the contingent fund of the Senate under the heading “under legislative” in the Act of October 1, 1888 (28 Stat. 546; 2 U.S.C. 68), and upon vouchers approved by the Director.
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:
Section 201(a). Establishment of Office and Director
The House bill provided for a Legislative Budget Office to serve as the staff for the new House and Senate Budget Committees and to give assistance to other committees and Members. The Office would have been headed by a Director appointed without regard to political affiliation by the Speaker of the House upon the recommendation of the House Budget Committee. The compensation of the Director would have been at level III of the executive schedule. The Senate bill provided for a Congressional Office of the Budget to serve all committees and Members (but with priority to the Budget, Appropriations, Ways and Means, and Finance Committees). The Director and Deputy Director of the Office would have been appointed without regard to political affiliation by the Speaker and President pro tem after consultation with the Budget Committee and approval by the House and Senate. The Director and Deputy would have had six-year term and could be removed by either House or Senate. The Director’s compensation would have been the same as that of the Secretary of the Senate and the Deputy would have been equal to the highest allowable for an administrative assistant to a Senator
The conference substitute establishes a Congressional Budget Office headed by a Director who shall appoint a Deputy Director. Appointment of the Director is to be by the Speaker and the President pro tem after considering recommendations from the House and Senate Budget Committees. The managers on the part of the Senate expect that the President Pro Tem of the Senate would carry out his responsibilities under this section after consultation with the Majority and Minority Leaders of the Senate. The appointment shall be without regard to political affiliation and compensation is to be at level III of the executive schedule, with the Deputy’s salary set at level IV. The Director is to have a four-year term of office and he may be removed by either the House or Senate.
Section 201 (b) and (c). Personnel, Experts, and Consultants
The House bill provided that the appointment of personnel by the Legislative Budget Director was to be with the approval of the chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees and that personnel would be deemed as employee of the House for purposes of pay and other benefits. The Legislative Budget Office would be authorized to obtain the services of expert and consultants. The Senate amendment authorized the Director of the Congressional Office of the Budget to hire personnel who would be considered Senate employees for pay and other matters. The Director also was authorized to procure the services of experts and consultants. The conference substitute authorizes the Director to hire, set the pay, and prescribe the duties of the personnel of the Congressional Budget Office without regard to political affiliation. For purposes of pay and employment benefits, such personnel are to be regarded as House employees. The Director also is authorized to procure the temporary services of experts and consultants by contract or employment.
Section 201 (d) and (e). Relationship to Executive Branch and Congressional Agencies
The House bill provided that the Legislative Budget Office may utilize the services, information, and facilities of government departments. It further authorized the Legislative Budget Director, with the approval the chairman or either the House or Senate Budget Committee, to obtain information directly from any executive agency and it directed such agencies to furnish any information so requested. The Senate amendment authorized the Congressional Office of the Budget Director to secure from executive agencies any information whose disclosure is not specifically prohibited by law. It also authorized the Congressional Office of the Budget to utilize with their consent the services, facilities, or personnel of executive agencies. The Senate amendment instructed the Congressional Office of the Budget to cooperate with and secure information and services from the General Accounting Office, the Library of Congress, and the Office of Technology Assessment.
The conference substitute authorizes the Budget Office to obtain information and data from executive and regulatory agencies, other than material whose disclosure would violate law. The Budget Office also may enter into agreements with such agencies to utilize their personnel, services, or facilities, with or without reimbursement. The Budget Office is directed to coordinate its activities with the General Accounting Office, the Library of Congress and the Office of Technology Assessment, is authorized to obtain information developed by these agencies and with their consent to utilize their services, personnel, and facilities. The managers intend that the establishment and operation of the Congressional Budget Office be implemented in a manner that will utilize most effectively the resources and capabilities available in existing congressional agencies. While the managers strongly endorse the need for a specialized Budget Office, they anticipate that this Office will not needlessly duplicate the work of other congressional agencies and that where appropriate it will use the resources of the other agencies. Toward this end, the managers expect that the Congressional Budget Office will develop cooperative working relationships with the General Accounting Office, the Library of Congress, and the Office of Technology Assessment. These relationships shall include the efficient utilization of staff, procedures for sharing budget-relevant information, and for coordinated assistance to congressional committees and Members.
The managers further expect that the Congressional Budget Office shall make appropriate use of information and resources developed by executive agencies. The managers expect that the growth and development of the Budget Office will be consonant with the requirements of the congressional budget process and with the needs of committees and Members for assistance
Section 201(f). Authorization of Appropriations
Both the House and Senate versions authorized the appropriation of funds for the budget office to carry out its duties and functions. The House bill provided that until funds are first appropriated, the expenses of the Budget Office are to be paid from the contingent fund of the House of Representatives; the Senate amendment provided for such payment from the contingent fund of the Senate. The conference substitute provides a permanent authorization of appropriations for the Congressional Budget Office, with payment of the expenses of the Office from the contingent fund of the Senate (for a period of not more than 12 months after the Director is appointed) until funds are first appropriated. The managers are of the view that the expeditious establishment of the Congressional Budget Office is vital to the efficacy of the congressional budget process. Congress must be adequately prepared to meet the important budget responsibilities specified in this legislation. Toward this end, the managers urge that there be no delay in the organization of the Congressional Budget Office and that essential funding be made available in a timely manner.
[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]
CLASSIFICATION TO THE U.S. CODE
This section is classified to 2 U.S.C. 601.
Legislative History Notes
Pub. L. 93–344, §201, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 302. The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 enacted this section into law.
Revision of title 31 of the u.s. code
The Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was generally classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information:
- Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877
- Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982
- Revision of Title 31
- Table on the House Law Revision Counsel Website.
[BCR § 107e]