Section 309, as Enacted
Completion of action on bills providing new budget authority and certain new spending authority
Sec. 309. Except as otherwise provided pursuant to this title, not later than the seventh day after Labor Day of each year, the Congress shall complete action on all bills and resolutions— (1) providing new budget authority for the fiscal year beginning on October 1 of such year, other than supplemental, deficiency, and continuing appropriation bills and resolutions, and other than the reconciliation bill for such year, if required to be reported under section 310(c); and (2) providing new spending authority described in section 401(c)(2)(C) which is to become effective during such fiscal year. Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any bill or resolution if legislation authorizing the enactment of new budget authority to be provided in such bill or resolution has not been timely enacted.
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF CONFERENCE COMMITTEE
The managers on the part of the House and the Senate of the conference of the two Houses on the amendments of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 7130) issued an explanatory statement of the legislation. This was included in a House Budget Committee print in 1975 after the bill’s enactment. It included the following description of this section:
Section 309. Timetable for Budget Authority and Entitlement Bills
The House bill provided for completion of action (other than enrollment) of all regular appropriation bills by August 1. The Senate amendment had an August 7th date or five days before the beginning of an August adjournment.
The conference substitute provides that Congress shall complete action on all regular budget authority and entitlement bills no later than the seventh day after Labor Day. However, this deadline shall not apply to any appropriation bill whose consideration has been delayed because necessary authorizing legislation has not been timely enacted. It is anticipated that the bulk of the appropriation legislation will be considered in the period immediately following adoption of the first budget resolution. If necessary authorizing legislation is reported by the May 15 date and enacted promptly thereafter, it should be possible to complete action on spending and entitlement bills before the deadline. The deadline set in this section is of the utmost importance for the proper functioning of the congressional budget process. In most years, only three weeks will remain until the start of the new fiscal year, during which period Congress will have to consider a second budget resolution and any required reconciliation actions. Even a small delay in the completion of authorizing and budget authority bills can disturb the reconciliation process and compel Congress to rely on continuing resolutions. The managers understand that failure to “timely enact” authorizing legislation will justify noncompliance with the deadline fixed by this section when the delay is of such duration as to make it impracticable to complete action on an appropriation bill by the seventh day after Labor Day.
[Joint Explanatory Statement on the Committee of Conference on H.R. 7130; (Committee Print), Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives, 93d Congress, 2d Session, Washington D.C. 1975.]
SECTION 309 (CBA), AS CURRENTLY SET FORTH IN LAW
Section 309. House Approval of Regular Appropriation Bills (CBA), as currently set forth in the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 (Pub. L. 93-344).
Classification to the U.S. Code
This section was formerly classified to 31 U.S.C. 1330.
Legislative History Notes
Pub. L. 93–344, §309, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 314. The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 enacted this section into law.
Revision of title 31 of the u.s. code
Most of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 was classified to Title 31 of the U.S. Code but has since been transferred either to title 2 (The Congress) or to a revised Title 31. See the following for more information:
- Pub. L. 97–258, §1, Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 877
- Title 31 Revision and Codification Law of 1982
- Revision of Title 31
- Table on the House Law Revision Counsel Website.
[BCR § 119e]