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Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987

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Public Law 100–119, Sept. 29, 1987, 101 Stat. 754, Sept. 29, 1987
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Summary

The 1987 Balanced Budget Reaffirmation Act. Several lawsuits contesting the constitutionality of the 1985 Balanced Budget Act were filed immediately upon its enactment. In February 1986, a special three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court declared that the procedure for triggering sequestration under the act was unconstitutional on the ground that it vested executive power in an officer removable by Congress (sequestration would have been triggered pursuant to a report prepared by the comptroller general, head of the General Accounting Office). The Supreme Court heard arguments in the case, Bowsher v. Synar (478 U.S. 714), and issued its ruling on July 7, 1986, affirming the ruling of the District Court by a vote of 7 to 2.

Invalidation by the courts of the automatic triggering mechanism for sequestration, and the size of the estimated deficit excess for FY1988—more than $50 billion above the applicable deficit target, according to the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), prompted calls for revision of the 1985 Balanced Budget Act. In September 1987, President Reagan signed into law the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987.6 The main purposes of the 1987 act were to restore the automatic triggering feature of sequestration in a constitutionally acceptable manner, which it did by vesting that authority in the director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and to extend the time frame for achieving a balanced budget by two years, until FY1993.


Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987 (Statutes At Large)

Pub. L. 100-119 – Conference Report on the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987,  H. J. Res. 324 (H. Rept. 100-313) September 21, 1987

Pub. L. 100-119 BBEDCRA – Summary and Legislative History (H. J. Res. 324)

The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987: A Legislative History, S. Prt. 103-42 (Volume One) 1993 – The Debate and Legislative and Related Documents

The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987: A Legislative History, S. Prt. 103-42 (Volume Two) 1993 – Compendium of Hearings and Committee Prints

House Floor Debate (BBEDCRA) Conference Report  (1987.09.22)

Conference Report on H. J. Res. 324 (H. Rept. 100-313)  – Legislative Text and Joint Statement of Managers,  (Pub. L. 100-119) September 21, 1987

Joint Statement from the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation Act of 1987, Pub. L. 100-119 (Conference Report) H. Rept. 100-313) H. J. Res. 324

President Ronald Reagan – Signing Statement of President Ronald W. Reagan on Public Law 100-119

President Ronald Reagan – Remarks on Signing H. J. Res. 324 Into Law (Federal Debt Limit and Deficit Reduction Bill) on November 5, 1987

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